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what is the capital of new mexico

Founded in 1610, Santa Fe is the oldest state capital in the United States. New Mexico's capital city is also America's highest state capital. Visitors are welcome to enjoy self-guided tours Monday through Friday from 7:30 am to 5:30 pm. The Capitol is also open for self-guided tours on Saturdays from. The crossword clue State capital of New Mexico with 7 letters was last seen on the November 13, 2016. We think the likely answer to this clue is SANTAFE.
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Santa Fe, New Mexico

00 santa capitol steps mSanta Fe, New Mexico

  • New Mexico became a state January 6, 1912, the 47th state admitted to the Union.
  • Santa Fe became state capital 1912
  • Settled: 1610
  • Name Origin: Santa Fe is “holy faith” in Spanish; full name given by Gov Don Pedro de Peralta (1584-1666) was “Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi”

Santa Fe sits in the midst of Pueblo country at an elevation of 7,000 feet, the oldest city to have served as a capital in the United States. The Palace of Governors, built in 1610, is the oldest public building in continuous use in the United States. The city has served as a seat of government for Spain, Mexico, and the Confederacy, before New Mexico statehood in 1912.

It is a city of museums, pueblos, and Spanish ruins, surrounded by the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. The arts and culture of Native Americans are found in folk art; basketry, pottery, weaving and jewelry.

The new state capitol was built in 1966. It is round and resembles a Zia sun symbol, inspired by a Native American kiva, or ceremonial chamber.

Annual dances: Buffalo, Commanche, Fiesta, Green Corn, Spring Corn, street dancing at Fiesta; Christmas Eve fires where paper bag lanterns guide the Christ Child.

Key Words: oldest, Spanish, Native American, pueblos, museums, arts

Things To Love About Santa Fe

The fascination with architecture and art; the in-the-know nods on chiles, red and green; the layers of cultures and ancient roots; the magnetism it exudes for drawing people in; the refuge it provides behind its walls.

Blogs To Read About Santa Fe

Hushpuppieshttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=4965#more-4965

They Get Ithttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=5044

A Petri Dish Of Culturehttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=5132

The Air & The Watershttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=5221

Simplicity In Symbolismhttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=6947

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 67,947, 34th largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 1,478 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 45.98 square miles
  • Elevation: 7,000 feet, highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 44/17, July 86/54. Annual rainfall: 14 inches
  • Time Zone: Mountain
  • Water near: Santa Fe River
  • Mountains near: Sangre de Cristo Mountains, a subrange of the Rocky Mountains. Wheeler Peak in the northern part of the state is the highest point in New Mexico at 13,167 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Denver, CO 393; Phoenix, AZ 480; Oklahoma City, OK 535
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 1,868

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 67,947             Population
  • 18.9%              Under 18
  • 17.6%              Over 65
  • 1.4%                Asian
  • 1.0%                Black
  • 48.7%             Hispanic/Latino
  • 2.1%                Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.1%               Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 46.2%            White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 33.1%               English Not Spoken at Home
  • 87.5%              High School Graduate
  • 43.4%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 16.5%               Below Poverty Level
  • $34,443          Per Capita Income
  • $50,610          Median Household Income
  • $310,900       Median Value of Home
  • 61.2%              Home Ownership

City: http://www.santafenm.gov/

Visitors: http://santafe.org/

 

 

 

 

Источник: https://capitalcitiesusa.org/?page_id=1987

New Mexico State Capitol

History
New Mexico became America's 47th state on Jan. 6, 1912, signed into statehood by Pres. William Howard Taft.
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It took more than half a century for New Mexico to achieve statehood. The U.S. government established the Territory of New Mexico in 1850, two years after Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the end of the Mexican-American War. The terms of the treaty required Mexico to what is the capital of new mexico its northern land holdings in what is now the American Southwest and California. In 1851, Santa Fe became the capital of this new territory, which sprawled across lands that eventually would become the states of Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico.

Santa Fe's history as a capital city dates to 1610, when conquistador Don Pedro de Peralta established it as the capital for the Spanish "Kingdom of New Mexico." The Palace of the Governors, built in 1610, served as Spain's seat of government.

When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexican government designated Santa Fe as the capital of the Mexican province of Nuevo Mexico, and the Palace continued to serve as the seat of government. In 1846, when the U.S. declared New Mexico an American territory, the Palace became New Mexico's first territorial capitol.

Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the U.S. The Palace of the Governors, which now houses the state's history museum, is the oldest public building in the country.

The Roundhouse
483-txt_capitol_rotunda

Today's New Mexico State Capitol, known as the Roundhouse, is the only round capitol building in the country. It was built by Robert E. McKee with a design by W.C. Kruger that combined elements of New Mexico Territorial style, Pueblo adobe architecture and Greek Revival adaptations. The 232,000 square-foot Roundhouse was dedicated on Dec. 8, 1966.

From a bird's-eye view, the Roundhouse resembles the Zia sun symbol, which is also emblazoned on the New Mexico state flag. The image, which originated at Zia Pueblo, incorporates elements representing the sun's rays, the four directions, the four seasons, and the four phases of life. The State Seal of New Mexico, carved in stone, hangs above each of the Roundhouse's four entrance wings.

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The four-story Roundhouse includes a subterranean story and a central interior Rotunda that rises 60 feet through the top three stories. The Rotunda's design elements include New Mexico Travertine marble featuring a turquoise and brass mosaic depicting the New Mexico State Seal. The ceiling skylight of stained glass is patterned after a Native American basket weave symbolizing the sky and the earth.

The Governor's Gallery, located on the fourth floor, was founded by Clare Apodaca, who served as New Mexico's First Lady from 1975 to 1978. The gallery, an outreach facility of the New Mexico Museum of Art and the Department of Cultural Affairs, presents approximately six exhibits per year, including the annual Governor's Awards for Excellence in the Arts.

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The New Mexico Capitol Art Collection was created in 1991 when the New Mexico Legislature founded the Capitol Art Foundation. The Collection consists of nearly 600 artworks, exhibited in the interior public spaces of the State Capitol Complex, as well as on the Capitol grounds. The Collection includes what is the capital of new mexico, photography, works on paper, sculpture, mixed media, textiles, ceramic and glass works, as well as furniture. In all there are over 600 New Mexico artists represented. The collection is currently valued at over $5.6 million dollars. Former Legislative Counsel Service Director Paula Tackett discusses the history of the Capitol Art Foundation and Collection in this 2010 interview.

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The Clay Buchanan Memorial Gardens on the Roundhouse's 6.5 acre grounds display sequoias, Russian olive trees, roses and more than 100 other kinds of New Mexico flora as well as abstract and figurative sculptures from the Capitol Art Collection. For information about guided tours of the New Mexico State Capitol by appointment, call (505) 986-4589 during business hours Monday through Friday. Visitors can take a self-guided tour anytime between 7 a.m. and 6 p.m. Monday through Friday.

New Mexico State Government
Like the federal government, New Mexico's state government is made up of three branches, the legislative, the executive and the judicial. The New Mexico Legislature consists of the House of Representatives with 70 members serving two-year terms, and the Senate, with 42 members serving four-year terms.

The governor serves for a four-year term. New Mexico's current governor is Gov. Michelle Lujan What is the capital of new mexico, elected in 2018.

Источник: https://www.santafe.org/visiting-santa-fe/about-santa-fe/new-mexico-state-capitol/

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Wedged between two national forests and split by the Rio Grande sits Española, New Mexico. With a population just over 10,000, and an economic relevance that peaked when the railroad rolled through in 1880, you wouldn’t expect much more than Southwestern small-town tourist fare here. All the more surprising, then, that it’s become the Lowrider Capital of the World.

This story originally appeared in Volume 3 of Road & Track.

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It started small, 60 years ago. The lowrider scene had already taken root in Los Angeles, a new car culture born of rebellion. Its brash, flashy, low-and-slow mantra served as an act of defiance by Chicanos who had long been told to wilson bank and trust customer service number their heads down, work hard, and assimilate into the white American mainstream. Lowriders were an outward statement that they weren’t content to blend in. They had arrived, they had a culture all their own, and they wanted people to know it.

That resonated in Española. The town, sometimes called “Little L.A.,” has deep ties to the Hispanic and Chicano communities of Southern California. Families that had been in New Mexico for generations would head west seeking opportunity and return with money and a taste of California culture. Lowriders were a natural fit for Española, a continuation of the artistic tendencies that had defined Northern New Mexico for hundreds of years.

“Back in the days of horses and buggies, Spanish settlers in Northern New Mexico used to adorn their horses. You know, the saddles, they’d make them very ornate and put a lot of work into them so they could show off,” says Fred Rael, chairman of the board of directors for the Española Lowrider Museum, currently under construction in downtown Española. They’d ride into town for church, dressed in their Sunday best, flexing with jewels and shiny trim.

The slow car cruises that clogged Española streets on Sundays throughout the Seventies and Eighties were the same kind of flex. The destination wasn’t the key; it was about showing up with your community and demonstrating your pride through spoked rims, whitewall tires, custom upholstery, gold and chrome plating, and lots and lots of artwork—pinstripes, murals, etching, engraving.

These countercultural movements are always met with backlash. Every form of automotive modification has sent enthusiasts home with warnings, tickets, and occasionally impound fees. Showing off on the street is a surefire way to draw police attention, and lowriders were no exception. Hydraulic suspension, the defining feature of a modern lowrider, was invented in response to harassment from law enforcement. California authorities made it illegal for any part of a car’s bodywork to sit lower than the bottom of the wheel. With hydraulics, you could raise the car to dodge a ticket and slam it back down when the cops were gone.

In Española, lowrider builders we interviewed tell stories from decades past of being stopped for no reason and ticketed for minor offenses. Those bad vibes are gone. In 2018, the city council officially declared Española as a “cruise-friendly municipality” and formally adopted the town’s long-standing nickname, Lowrider Capital of the World.

Today, in backyards and garages all over town, enthusiasts are at work building lowriders of their own or pitching in on someone else’s project. “People here help each other out,” says Jeff Quintana, an Española lowrider builder. “It is part of the culture, because so many people are building these cars. There’s not any competition between us. We do our own work, but when we get stuck there’s always a friend to call. One buddy is a great welder, another is an engine guy. My friend Leroy recently helped me put in a new windshield.”

Every spring, there’s a lowrider pilgrimage to an Española church believed to have special healing powers. All the cars come out. They come from Colorado, from Albuquerque,” says Quintana. “It’s very intense.” And in July, the town celebrates Lowrider Day with a huge parade of hundreds of vehicles.

On either of those occasions, and at any cruise spot throughout the year, you’re likely to find the three exquisite lowriders you see here, along with their owners—all of them from Española, all carrying on the legend of the Lowrider Capital of the World.

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The Classic Perfected: 1960 Chevy Impala

Impalas have long been the go-to lowrider. Sold in massive numbers, cheap to buy—or at least they used to be—easy to fix, and extensively supported in the aftermarket, they’re the ideal blank canvas. When Jeff Quintana stumbled upon the remains of a 1960 Impala while dropping off a load of building materials for work, he recognized the potential in the bare shell. It had no engine, no interior, and was a cosmetic wreck. The owner was using it as storage, but Quintana saw what it could become.

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“I had always wanted a 1960 Huntington by the sea because my dad had one when I was growing up,” Quintana recalls. He bought the car for $2000. “I put it on a trailer, got it back behind my house, and started working on the thing.” Quintana had a vision for what he wanted to build. That vision took him 25 years to perfect.

He installed a gold-and-chrome-plated Chevy 350 V-8, fitted hydraulics (and reinforced the frame for hopping), and painted it cherry red over bright white. It’s a classic beauty made even more beautiful, no detail left untouched: Every inch of the car is painted or plated, every surface textured and polished to perfection. From its massive JBL subwoofers to its pristine gold wheels, Quintana’s car is the quintessential image of a lowrider realized in metal and leather.

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Quintana also builds viclas, customized motorcycles that share the baroque aesthetic of lowrider cars. He calls them “Chicano-style bikes.” His 1997 Harley-Davidson Heritage Springer and what is the capital of new mexico Electra Glide look more like Chicano-style spaceships.

But his real love is the Impala. “I can’t even imagine how much time I’ve put into it over the past 25 years,” he says. “It’s a labor of love, the car I have always wanted to build.”

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The Two-Sided Story: 1982 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham

If Quintana’s Impala is the embodiment of classic lowrider style, James Leyba’s 1982 Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham represents the cross-cultural appeal of these machines. The Brougham was originally built as a lowrider in Compton, California, the epicenter of early West Coast hip-hop culture. The intricate paintwork layered over the baby-blue base coat was done by legendary custom painter Kenneth “Doc” Stewart. The result was attention-grabbing enough to earn a spot in T.I.’s “Top Back (Remix)” music video in 2006, where you can see the Caddy cruising body-up on its hydraulics and getting lathered up by dancers. Near the high point of the hip-hop lowrider revolution, this was one of the cars that repped the scene on a national stage.

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But that was 15 years ago. Earlier this year, the car turned up on Facebook Marketplace in Albuquerque, New Mexico, just as Leyba was looking to take on a new project. He had sold his last build—a “hopper” Volkswagen built for hydraulics competitions—in 2018, when his mom was diagnosed with cancer. But he had finally found the time to get back into the game. The Brougham was perfect.

“I like the Impalas, but for me, the square big body of a Caddy is just something I’ve always loved,” Leyba says. “I saw the movieThe Wash with Dr. Dre. They have that seafoam-green Cadillac with a peanut-butter top and interior. I’ve loved it since that day.”

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Finding a car 160 celsius to f such a rich history also gave Leyba the chance to rescue something special. Its music video days may be behind it, but the Caddy is getting a full overhaul from Leyba and his friend Leroy “China” Martinez. They’re reinforcing the frame, chrome plating the underbody, and tidying up all the details that were skipped on the initial build. All of the major components are getting overhauled—the 4.1-liter V-8 engine included. Everything will be updated to modern standards, cleaned up, and strengthened. The lone exception is the paint job. Leyba will retouch obvious flaws, but a car painted by Doc himself is too special to respray.

“It had its first story in Compton, in the video,” Leyba says. “I want to give it its second story.”

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The Love Letter:1983 Chevy Monte Carlo

Orlando Martinez Jr. doesn’t just love lowriders. He loves the scene, he loves the way these cars bring people together, and he loves his town. His build—a 1983 Monte Carlo he named “Española”—is a rolling testament to that passion. It’s not the result of one grand vision, but a constantly changing creation that he started when he was 16.

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“I’d save money and buy the wheels, then save more the next summer to get a paint job. And, you know, I added a little bit at a time to it,” Martinez says. “Then I took the car completely apart in 2000 or 2001, did a whole frame-off reinforcement, and got it all ready for hydraulics and chrome plating.”

For decades, the Monte Carlo has been not just a project, but a teacher. Martinez learned body work, fabrication, and hydraulic assembly working on the car. The one thing he won’t take credit for is the paintwork, which was done by local legend Rob Vanderslice. He gave Vanderslice no direction, no design brief. Just handed over the car and asked him to work his magic. “Rob’s an artist, you know. He does the renders in his head,” Martinez says. “I was just fortunate enough to get one of his works.”

Martinez’s philosophy is what is the capital of new mexico about building the perfect car or stopping at the completion of a single vision. It’s about putting in the work, experimenting, changing, and learning from the community.

“I like the way it makes people happy. It brings out a positive energy, you know?” he says. “When people see your car and then they start asking you questions. Or you see how it makes little kids happy, you think maybe one day they’ll want to do something like that. That’s what makes me happy.”

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Lowriders may have started as a way to carve out a corner of Southern California car culture, but in Española, they rule the town. And that seems to make everyone happy in the Lowrider Capital of the World.

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Источник: https://www.roadandtrack.com/car-culture/a35782507/this-small-new-mexico-town-is-the-lowrider-capital-of-the-world/

History

Thirteen years before Plymouth Colony was settled by the Mayflower Pilgrims, Santa Fe, New Mexico, was established with a small cluster of European type dwellings. It would soon become the seat of power for the Spanish Empire north of the Rio Grande. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in United States and the oldest European community west of the Mississippi.

While Santa Fe was inhabited on a very small scale in 1607, it was truly settled by the conquistador Don Pedro de Peralta in 1609-1610. Santa Fe is the site of both the oldest public building in America, the Palace of the Governors and the nation's oldest community celebration, the Santa Fe Fiesta, established in 1712 to commemorate the Spanish reconquest of New Mexico in the summer of 1692. Peralta and his men laid out the plan for Santa Fe at the base of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains on the site of the ancient Pueblo Indian ruin of Kaupoge, or "place of shell beads near the water."

The city has been the capital for the Spanish "Kingdom of New Mexico," the Mexican province of Nuevo Mejico, the American territory of New Mexico (which contained what is today Arizona and New Mexico) and since 1912 the state of New Mexico. Santa Fe, in fact, was the first foreign capital over taken by the United States, when in 1846 General Stephen Watts Kearny captured it during the Mexican-American War.

Santa Fe's history may be divided into six periods:
 

Preconquest and Founding
(circa 1050 to 1607)



Santa Fe's site was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates from between 1050 to 1150. Most archaeologists what is the capital of new mexico that these sites were abandoned 200 years before the Spanish arrived. There is little evidence of their remains in Santa Fe today.

The "Kingdom of New Mexico" was first claimed for the Spanish Crown by the conquistador Don Francisco Vasques de Coronado in 1540, 67 years before the founding of Santa Fe. Coronado and his men also discovered the Grand Canyon and the Great Plains on their New Mexico expedition.

Don Juan de Onate became the first Governor-General of New Mexico and established his capital in 1598 at San Juan Pueblo, 25 miles north of Santa Fe. When Onate retired, Don Pedro de Peralta was appointed Governor-General in 1609. One year later, he had moved the capital to present day Santa Fe.
 

Settlement Revolt & Reconquest
(1607 to 1692)


For a period of 70 years beginning the early 17th century, Spanish soldiers and officials, as well as Franciscan missionaries, sought to subjugate and convert the Pueblo Indians of the region. The indigenous population at the time was close to 100,000 people, who spoke nine basic languages and lived in an estimated 70 multi-storied adobe towns (pueblos), many of which exist today. In 1680, Pueblo Indians revolted against the estimated 2,500 Spanish colonists in New Mexico, killing 400 of them and driving the rest back into Mexico. The conquering Pueblos sacked Santa Fe and burned most of the buildings, except the Palace of the Governors. Pueblo Indians occupied Santa Fe until 1692, when Don Diego de Vargas reconquered the region and entered the capital city after a bloodless siege.
 

Established What is the capital of new mexico Empire
(1692 to 1821)


Santa Fe grew and prospered as a city. Spanish authorities and missionaries - under pressure from constant raids by nomadic Indians and often bloody wars with the Comanches, Apaches and Navajos-formed an alliance with Pueblo Indians and maintained a successful religious and civil policy of peaceful coexistence. The Spanish policy of closed empire also heavily influenced the lives of most Santa Feans during these years as trade was restricted to Americans, British and French.
 

The Mexican Period
(1821 to 1846)


When Mexico gained its independence from Spain, Santa Fe became the capital of the province of New Mexico. The Spanish policy of closed empire ended, and American trappers and traders moved into the region. William Becknell opened the l,000-mile-long Santa Fe Trail, leaving from Franklin, Missouri, with 21 men and a pack train of goods. In those days, aggressive Yankeetraders used Santa Fe's Plaza as a stock corral. Americans found Santa Fe and New Mexico not as exotic as they'd thought. One traveler called the region the "Siberia of the Mexican Republic."

For a brief period in 1837, northern New Mexico farmers rebelled against Mexican rule, killed the provincial governor in what has been called the Chimayó Rebellion (named after a village north of Santa Fe) and occupied the capital. The insurrectionists were soon defeated, however, and three years later, Santa Fe was peaceful enough to see the first planting of cottonwood trees around the Plaza.
 

Territorial Period
(1846 to 1912)


On August 18, 1846, in the early period of the Mexican American War, an American army general, Stephen Watts Kearny, took Santa Fe and raised the American flag over the Plaza. Two years later, Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ceding New Mexico and California to the United States.

In 1851, Jean B. Lamy, arrived in Santa Fe. Eighteen years later, he began construction of the Saint Francis Cathedral. Archbishop Lamy is the model for the leading character in Willa Cather's book, "Death Comes for the Archbishop."

For a few days in March 1863, the Confederate flag of General Henry Sibley flew over Santa Fe, until he was defeated by Union troops. With the arrival of the telegraph in 1868 and the coming of the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1880, Santa Fe and New Mexico underwent an economic revolution. Corruption in government, however, accompanied the growth, and President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Lew Wallace as a territorial governor to "clean up New Mexico." Wallace did such a good job that Billy the Kid threatened to come up to Santa Fe and kill him. Thankfully, Billy failed and Wallace went on to finish his novel, "Ben Hur," while territorial Governor.
 


Statehood
(1912 to present)


When New Mexico gained statehood in 1912, many people were drawn to Santa Fe's dry climate as a cure for tuberculosis. The Museum of New Mexico had opened in 1909, and by 1917, its Museum of Fine Arts was built. The state museum's emphasis on local history and native culture did much to reinforce Santa Fe's image as an "exotic" city.

Throughout Santa Fe's long and varied history of conquest and frontier violence, the town has also been the what is the capital of new mexico seat of culture and civilization. Inhabitants have left a legacy of architecture and city planning that today makes Santa Fe the most significant historic city in the American West.

In 1926, the Old Santa Fe Association was established, in the words of its bylaws, "to preserve and maintain the ancient landmarks, historical structures and traditions of Old Santa Fe, to guide its growth and development in such a way as to sacrifice as little as possible of that unique charm born of age, tradition and environment, which are the priceless assets and heritage of Old Santa Fe."

Today, Santa Fe is recognized as one of the most intriguing urban environments in the nation, due largely to the city's preservation of historic buildings and a modern zoning code, passed in 1958, that mandates the city's distinctive Spanish-Pueblo style of architecture, based on the adobe (mud and straw) and wood construction of the past. Also preserved are the traditions of the city's rich cultural heritage which helps make Santa Fe one of the country's most diverse and fascinating places to visit.

Источник: https://www.santafe.org/visiting-santa-fe/about-santa-fe/history/
(Last Updated On: April 16, 2018)

Why is Santa Fe the Capital of New Mexico?

The Capital of New Mexico

Founded in the early 1600s, Santa Fe is among the oldest cities in America. It is a city famed for its great art and music scenes, rich history, and diverse culture. Despite being only the fourth largest city in New Mexico, Santa Fe is is also the capital. Why is Santa Fe the capital of New Mexico?

As switched at birth 1991 many capitals, we have to look back at the city’s history. When exploring Santa Fe’s deep roots in the region, it becomes more clear why this city was selected as capital of New Mexico.

History of Santa Fe

The area around what is today New Mexico had long been occupied by indigenous Tanoan peoples, who built Pueblo villages along the Rio Grande and other rivers in the region. These rivers provided water and transportation in this dry steppe climate.

Spanish settlement of New Mexico began in 1598, when Juan de Oñate led a group of colonizers into the territory. Following orders from King Philip II of Spain, Oñate was tasked with searching for cities of gold, and spreading Catholicism. He founded Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain, and set up the settlement of San Gabriel in the northern part of the territory as provincial capital. Oñate served as the province’s first colonial governor.

In 1608, Oñate’s failure to find any riches, and reports of his mistreatment of the Native population, almost led Spain to abandon their Nuevo México settlements. But when a friar named Lázaro Jiménez brought news that 7,000 Indians had been converted and baptized, interest the territory was renewed.

In 1609, Oñate was replaced as governor by Don Pedro de Peralta. By that time, it had become clear that Nuevo México’s capital of San Gabriel was too vulnerable to Native American attacks. Governor Pedro de Peralta would establish the settlement of La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís, or Santa Fe, at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1610.

Pedro what is the capital of new mexico Peralta designated Santa Fe as the new capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.

Why is Santa Fe the Capital of New Mexico?

Santa Fe was chosen as the site of the new capital because Pedro de Peralta wanted a location that was more secure and easily defensible. Plus the town had a good water supply and ample land for development.

Santa Fe would remain Nuevo México’s provincial capital until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. However, when Mexico gained independence from Spain, Santa Fe would hold its position as capital of Nuevo México (now a territory within the newly independent Mexico).

In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, thus beginning the Mexican-American War. Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West (some 1,700 soldiers) into Santa Fe to claim it and the whole Nuevo México territory for the United States. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war, and gave the U.S. control of some formerly Mexican lands, including Nuevo México, or New Mexico.

In 1851, Santa Fe became the official capital of the U.S. territory of New Mexico. The implementation of a railroad in 1880 connected Santa Fe to other cities and regions throughout the U.S., helping spur its development. Intermittent mining booms in the surrounding mountains aided Santa Fe’s economic growth. At its heart, however, Santa Fe remained a trading center for farmers and Native Americans.

In 1912, New Mexico was admitted as the United States of America’s 47th state, with Santa Fe as its capital. Today, Santa Fe continues to be a thriving city, and residents have a great deal of respect for the city’s culture, architecture, and historic roots.

Want to learn more about capital cities in the US? Make sure to check out these posts on Albany, Sacramento, and Merrick login comments

Источник: https://www.sporcle.com/blog/2018/04/why-is-santa-fe-the-capital-of-new-mexico/

Where is New Mexico?

Map showing location of New Mexico on the US map.

Where is New Mexico Located?

As shown in the given New Mexico location map that New Mexico is located in the south-western region of the United States. New Mexico map also illustrates that it shares its border with Arizona in the west, Utah in the north-west, Colorado in the north, Oklahoma in the north-east, and Texas in the east and south-east. Besides, it also shares its international boundary with Mexico in the south.
The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe; however, the largest city is Albuquerque. Other important cities in the state are - Las Cruces, Rio Rancho, Roswell, and Farmington. The climate type of state ranges from semi-arid to arid; nevertheless, in some parts of the state, the climate type ranges from continental to alpine.
Moreover, the important economic sectors of the economy in the state are: Oil and gas production, tourism, and the federal government’s spending over other sectors. Besides, Government’s policies also promote other services in the state.

New Mexico State - Quick Facts

Country:United States
Region Type: State
Capital:Santa Fe
Abbreviation:NM, US-NM
Largest City:Albuquerque
Area:121,589 sq mi (315,194 km2)
Population:2,085,287 (2013 est)
Joined The Union:4389
Nickname:Land of Enchantment
Highest Point:Wheeler Peak
Lowest Point:Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas border
Timezone:Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5)
Official Website:www.newmexico.gov




Location Map of USA with States

Источник: https://www.whereig.com/usa/states/new-mexico/

What is the Capital of New Mexico?

New Mexico has a long and interesting history, but it is one of the most recent states to join the Union.

It became a part of the United States of America in 1912.

State flag of New Mexico.

Before that time, it was ruled by the Spanish as the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

It had, of course, been previously inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years.

Pueblo peoples ruled over much of the region before the arrival of Europeans.

These people worshipped a god named Montezuma, and they believed that he had come to them from the Aztec culture that thrived in the region of modern-day Mexico.

The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe.

Its name means “Holy Faith” in Spanish.

The American actor Will Rogers said about Santa Fe that “whoever designed this town did so while riding on a jackass backwards and drunk.”

But the interesting juxtaposition of different architectural styles linked by meandering little lanes just adds to the city’s charm.

It first premier financial denver the jewel in the crown of New Mexico.

However, the largest city — by population size — in New Mexico is Albuquerque.

Albuquerque hosts the International What is the capital of new mexico Fiesta, the largest gathering of hot-air balloons anywhere in the world.

The city sits atop the Rio Grande, which runs down across the Mexican border before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean at the Gulf of Mexico.

Other major cities in New Mexico include Las Cruces and Rio Rancho.

Источник: https://findbeautifuldesigns.com/blog/post/1/what-capital-new-mexico

What is the capital of new mexico -

What is the Capital of New Mexico?

New Mexico has a long and interesting history, but it is one of the most recent states to join the Union.

It became a part of the United States of America in 1912.

State flag of New Mexico.

Before that time, it was ruled by the Spanish as the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

It had, of course, been previously inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years.

Pueblo peoples ruled over much of the region before the arrival of Europeans.

These people worshipped a god named Montezuma, and they believed that he had come to them from the Aztec culture that thrived in the region of modern-day Mexico.

The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe.

Its name means “Holy Faith” in Spanish.

The American actor Will Rogers said about Santa Fe that “whoever designed this town did so while riding on a jackass backwards and drunk.”

But the interesting juxtaposition of different architectural styles linked by meandering little lanes just adds to the city’s charm.

It is the jewel in the crown of New Mexico.

However, the largest city — by population size — in New Mexico is Albuquerque.

Albuquerque hosts the International Balloon Fiesta, the largest gathering of hot-air balloons anywhere in the world.

The city sits atop the Rio Grande, which runs down across the Mexican border before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean at the Gulf of Mexico.

Other major cities in New Mexico include Las Cruces and Rio Rancho.

Источник: https://findbeautifuldesigns.com/blog/post/1/what-capital-new-mexico

Santa Fe, New Mexico

00 santa capitol steps mSanta Fe, New Mexico

  • New Mexico became a state January 6, 1912, the 47th state admitted to the Union.
  • Santa Fe became state capital 1912
  • Settled: 1610
  • Name Origin: Santa Fe is “holy faith” in Spanish; full name given by Gov Don Pedro de Peralta (1584-1666) was “Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi”

Santa Fe sits in the midst of Pueblo country at an elevation of 7,000 feet, the oldest city to have served as a capital in the United States. The Palace of Governors, built in 1610, is the oldest public building in continuous use in the United States. The city has served as a seat of government for Spain, Mexico, and the Confederacy, before New Mexico statehood in 1912.

It is a city of museums, pueblos, and Spanish ruins, surrounded by the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. The arts and culture of Native Americans are found in folk art; basketry, pottery, weaving and jewelry.

The new state capitol was built in 1966. It is round and resembles a Zia sun symbol, inspired by a Native American kiva, or ceremonial chamber.

Annual dances: Buffalo, Commanche, Fiesta, Green Corn, Spring Corn, street dancing at Fiesta; Christmas Eve fires where paper bag lanterns guide the Christ Child.

Key Words: oldest, Spanish, Native American, pueblos, museums, arts

Things To Love About Santa Fe

The fascination with architecture and art; the in-the-know nods on chiles, red and green; the layers of cultures and ancient roots; the magnetism it exudes for drawing people in; the refuge it provides behind its walls.

Blogs To Read About Santa Fe

Hushpuppieshttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=4965#more-4965

They Get Ithttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=5044

A Petri Dish Of Culturehttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=5132

The Air & The Watershttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=5221

Simplicity In Symbolismhttps://capitalcitiesusa.org/?p=6947

Capital City Basics

  • Population: 67,947, 34th largest in population of the 50 capital cities
  • Population density: 1,478 persons per square mile
  • Land area of city: 45.98 square miles
  • Elevation: 7,000 feet, highest in elevation of the 50 capital cities
  • Normal high/low temps: January 44/17, July 86/54. Annual rainfall: 14 inches
  • Time Zone: Mountain
  • Water near: Santa Fe River
  • Mountains near: Sangre de Cristo Mountains, a subrange of the Rocky Mountains. Wheeler Peak in the northern part of the state is the highest point in New Mexico at 13,167 feet.
  • Miles to three nearest State Capitals: Denver, CO 393; Phoenix, AZ 480; Oklahoma City, OK 535
  • Miles to National Capitol in Washington, DC: 1,868

Population Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 67,947             Population
  • 18.9%              Under 18
  • 17.6%              Over 65
  • 1.4%                Asian
  • 1.0%                Black
  • 48.7%             Hispanic/Latino
  • 2.1%                Native Alaskan or American Indian
  • 0.1%               Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 46.2%            White

Education Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 33.1%               English Not Spoken at Home
  • 87.5%              High School Graduate
  • 43.4%              Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Economic Statistics from US 2010 Census

  • 16.5%               Below Poverty Level
  • $34,443          Per Capita Income
  • $50,610          Median Household Income
  • $310,900       Median Value of Home
  • 61.2%              Home Ownership

City: http://www.santafenm.gov/

Visitors: http://santafe.org/

 

 

 

 

Источник: https://capitalcitiesusa.org/?page_id=1987

New Mexico State Capitol

History
New Mexico became America's 47th state on Jan. 6, 1912, signed into statehood by Pres. William Howard Taft.
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It took more than half a century for New Mexico to achieve statehood. The U.S. government established the Territory of New Mexico in 1850, two years after Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the end of the Mexican-American War. The terms of the treaty required Mexico to cede its northern land holdings in what is now the American Southwest and California. In 1851, Santa Fe became the capital of this new territory, which sprawled across lands that eventually would become the states of Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico.

Santa Fe's history as a capital city dates to 1610, when conquistador Don Pedro de Peralta established it as the capital for the Spanish "Kingdom of New Mexico." The Palace of the Governors, built in 1610, served as Spain's seat of government.

When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexican government designated Santa Fe as the capital of the Mexican province of Nuevo Mexico, and the Palace continued to serve as the seat of government. In 1846, when the U.S. declared New Mexico an American territory, the Palace became New Mexico's first territorial capitol.

Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the U.S. The Palace of the Governors, which now houses the state's history museum, is the oldest public building in the country.

The Roundhouse
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Today's New Mexico State Capitol, known as the Roundhouse, is the only round capitol building in the country. It was built by Robert E. McKee with a design by W.C. Kruger that combined elements of New Mexico Territorial style, Pueblo adobe architecture and Greek Revival adaptations. The 232,000 square-foot Roundhouse was dedicated on Dec. 8, 1966.

From a bird's-eye view, the Roundhouse resembles the Zia sun symbol, which is also emblazoned on the New Mexico state flag. The image, which originated at Zia Pueblo, incorporates elements representing the sun's rays, the four directions, the four seasons, and the four phases of life. The State Seal of New Mexico, carved in stone, hangs above each of the Roundhouse's four entrance wings.

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The four-story Roundhouse includes a subterranean story and a central interior Rotunda that rises 60 feet through the top three stories. The Rotunda's design elements include New Mexico Travertine marble featuring a turquoise and brass mosaic depicting the New Mexico State Seal. The ceiling skylight of stained glass is patterned after a Native American basket weave symbolizing the sky and the earth.

The Governor's Gallery, located on the fourth floor, was founded by Clare Apodaca, who served as New Mexico's First Lady from 1975 to 1978. The gallery, an outreach facility of the New Mexico Museum of Art and the Department of Cultural Affairs, presents approximately six exhibits per year, including the annual Governor's Awards for Excellence in the Arts.

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The New Mexico Capitol Art Collection was created in 1991 when the New Mexico Legislature founded the Capitol Art Foundation. The Collection consists of nearly 600 artworks, exhibited in the interior public spaces of the State Capitol Complex, as well as on the Capitol grounds. The Collection includes paintings, photography, works on paper, sculpture, mixed media, textiles, ceramic and glass works, as well as furniture. In all there are over 600 New Mexico artists represented. The collection is currently valued at over $5.6 million dollars. Former Legislative Counsel Service Director Paula Tackett discusses the history of the Capitol Art Foundation and Collection in this 2010 interview.

472-txt_capitol_sculpture

The Clay Buchanan Memorial Gardens on the Roundhouse's 6.5 acre grounds display sequoias, Russian olive trees, roses and more than 100 other kinds of New Mexico flora as well as abstract and figurative sculptures from the Capitol Art Collection. For information about guided tours of the New Mexico State Capitol by appointment, call (505) 986-4589 during business hours Monday through Friday. Visitors can take a self-guided tour anytime between 7 a.m. and 6 p.m. Monday through Friday.

New Mexico State Government
Like the federal government, New Mexico's state government is made up of three branches, the legislative, the executive and the judicial. The New Mexico Legislature consists of the House of Representatives with 70 members serving two-year terms, and the Senate, with 42 members serving four-year terms.

The governor serves for a four-year term. New Mexico's current governor is Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham, elected in 2018.

Источник: https://www.santafe.org/visiting-santa-fe/about-santa-fe/new-mexico-state-capitol/

New Mexico Facts

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New Mexico is a southwestern state with one of the most scenic and diverse landscapes in the country, including the Chihuahuan Desert and the Sangre de Cristo Mountains.

It’s influenced by both Hispanic and Native American culture and has many national parks and monuments, unique cuisines, and a vibrant arts scene.

Seal Of New Mexico

Quick Facts

Capital: Santa Fe

Population: 2 million

Nickname: Land of Enchantment

Key Cities: Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Las Cruces, Roswell

Postal Abbreviation: NM

Major Industries: Healthcare, retail, food services, educational services, public administration

united-states-facts

History

How did New Mexico get its name: New Mexico’s name is a version of “Nuevo Mexico,” the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande River.

Mexico is an Aztec spelling that means “place of Mexitli.” Mexitli was an Aztec god.

Date admitted to the Union: Saturday, January 6, 1912.

Related:New Mexico History Facts

Chaco Canyon Hungo Pavi Ruins Staircase Nps

Geography

Size: 121,697 sq. miles

Lowest point: Red Bluff Reservoir at 2,842 feet

Highest point: Wheeler Peak at 13,161 feet

Counties: 33

Famous locations: Carlsbad Caverns, White Sands National Monument, Bandelier National Monument, Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, International UFO Museum and Research Center

nasa moon astronauts

Famous New Mexicans

Demi Lovato- singer

Neil Patrick Harris- actor

Colt McCoy- football player

Colt McCoy

Adrian Grenier- actor/producer

Holly Holm- mixed martial artist

John Denver- singer

Fun Facts

New Mexico is one of the four corner states because it borders at the same point with Utah, Arizona, and Colorado. It also shares an international border with Mexico.

Mexican flag

In New Mexico, there are only about 12 people per square mile. There are many more sheep and cattle in the state than people.

At 7,000 feet above sea level, Santa Fe, New Mexico is the highest capital city in the United States.

New Mexico has one of the greatest temperature ranges in the United States. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the state was -50 degrees Fahrenheit, while the highest was 122.

thermometer invention

The city of Albuquerque, New Mexico is home to more than 300 hot air balloons, making it the hot air balloon capital of America.

The city holds the International Balloon Fiesta, the world’s largest hot air balloon festival, each year.

The festival includes unique balloon displays and presentations, live musicians, craft shows, and activities for kids.

hot-air-balloon

New Mexico’s State Constitution officially declares that it’s a bilingual state. 1/3 of families in New Mexico speak Spanish at home.

More US state facts.

united-states-facts

Источник: https://www.coolkidfacts.com/new-mexico-facts/

Where is New Mexico?

Map showing location of New Mexico on the US map.

Where is New Mexico Located?

As shown in the given New Mexico location map that New Mexico is located in the south-western region of the United States. New Mexico map also illustrates that it shares its border with Arizona in the west, Utah in the north-west, Colorado in the north, Oklahoma in the north-east, and Texas in the east and south-east. Besides, it also shares its international boundary with Mexico in the south.
The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe; however, the largest city is Albuquerque. Other important cities in the state are - Las Cruces, Rio Rancho, Roswell, and Farmington. The climate type of state ranges from semi-arid to arid; nevertheless, in some parts of the state, the climate type ranges from continental to alpine.
Moreover, the important economic sectors of the economy in the state are: Oil and gas production, tourism, and the federal government’s spending over other sectors. Besides, Government’s policies also promote other services in the state.

New Mexico State - Quick Facts

Country:United States
Region Type: State
Capital:Santa Fe
Abbreviation:NM, US-NM
Largest City:Albuquerque
Area:121,589 sq mi (315,194 km2)
Population:2,085,287 (2013 est)
Joined The Union:4389
Nickname:Land of Enchantment
Highest Point:Wheeler Peak
Lowest Point:Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas border
Timezone:Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5)
Official Website:www.newmexico.gov




Location Map of USA with States

Источник: https://www.whereig.com/usa/states/new-mexico/

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