Conservative liberal arts college in Hillsdale, Michigan, United States
Hillsdale College is a privateconservativeliberal arts college in Hillsdale, Michigan. Founded in by abolitionists known as Free Will Baptists, it has a liberal arts curriculum that is based on the Western heritage as a product of both the Greco-Roman culture and the Judeo-Christian tradition. Hillsdale requires every student, regardless of concentration of studies, to complete a core curriculum that includes courses on the Great Books, the U.S. Constitution, biology, chemistry, and physics.
Since the late 20th century, in order to opt out of federal affirmative action policies, Hillsdale has been among a small number of U.S. colleges to decline governmental financial support, instead depending entirely on private funding to supplement students' tuition.
Hillsdale in the nineteenth century
In Augustmembers of the local community of Free Will Baptists resolved to organize their denomination's first collegiate institution.:4 After gathering donations, they established Michigan Central College in Spring Arbor, Michigan, on December 4, :6 That site is now home to Spring Arbor University. Although religiously cornerstone financial credit union franklin tn, the college was officially nonsectarian.
Under its first president, Daniel McBride Graham, who held the office from toMichigan Central College opened within a two-room store and admitted five students. In Marchthe government of Michigan incorporated the college, and the college enrolled 25 undergraduates by the end of its first year.:12:11
Edmund Burke Fairfield assumed the presidency of Michigan Central College in On March 20,the Michigan legislature granted the college a special charter, giving it the right to confer degrees.:12–14: Black students were admitted immediately after the college's founding, and the college became the second school in the nation to grant four-year liberal arts degrees to women.:12–14
Outgrowing its space, in the school moved to Hillsdale, Michigan, in part to have access to the railroad that served the city. It received considerable financial support from local citizens, who wanted to develop the year-old town.:30 The cornerstone of the new building, Central Hall, was laid on July 4, :24 After Michigan Central College completed construction and moved, it reopened as Hillsdale College on November 7,
Fairfield led Hillsdale from to During his presidency, he helped found the Republican Party with Whole foods beacon hill boston ma Dunn in neighboring Jackson, Michigan. A prominent leader, Fairfield attended the first Republican Party convention inand was elected lieutenant governor of Michigan. Hillsdale's early anti-slavery reputation and pivotal role in founding the Republican Party led to the invitation of several notable speakers on the campus, including Frederick Douglass (who visited the school on two separate occasions) and Edward Everett, the orator preceding Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg.:xxv,49 On August 8,Hillsdale conferred its first degrees. On March 20,the Michigan legislature formally legalized Hillsdale's change of name and location.:33
Hillsdale no longer has any denominational affiliation but, according to its website, "the moral tenets of Christianity as commonly understood in the Christian tradition have been essential to the mission of the College". Founded by abolitionists, it has always been open to black and female students.
Inmany Hillsdale students joined the ranks of the Union Army during the American Civil War; a higher percentage of Hillsdale students enlisted than from any other Michigan college.:60:1 Hillsdale continued to operate during the war, but had limited enrollment because so many young men went to war. Half of Hillsdale's students who enlisted became officers, as was typical for men with some college education; five became lieutenant colonels, four received the Medal of Honor, and three became generals. Sixty students died in the war.:5
Present-day Central Hall, rebuilt after the fire in
Hillsdale survived while nearly 80% of the colleges founded before the Civil War were forced to close. After the war, it regained its normal enrollment; many veterans returned and completed their education. Hillsdale continued to host notable speakers, including the physician and educator Sophia Jex-Blake in October :65 Hillsdale's Delta Tau Delta chapter, its first fraternity, was chartered on October 19, :
InJames Calder succeeded Fairfield as president. Calder served through During his administration, the commercial school opened, a theological department was established, and the college enrolled around students.:73,, He resigned to become president of Pennsylvania State University.
Hillsdale's first president, Daniel McBride Graham, returned for a brief second term innotably rebuilding the campus after the catastrophic "Great Fire" of March 6, :–66:77 DeWitt Clinton Durgin, a Union College alumnus, was president from to Inthe Hillsdale Herald was published, becoming the 2nd oldest college newspaper in Michigan, behind Kalamazoo College's The Index. This paper later merged with another college paper to become The Collegian.:page needed During Durgin's presidency, Hillsdale's Kappa Kappa Gamma and Sigma Chi chapters were chartered.:,
After Ransom Dunn's brief turn as acting president, George F. Mosher served as president of Hillsdale from to :, During this time, the college grew in size and prestige. InSpencer O. Fisher became the first Hillsdale alumnus elected to Congress.:Pi Beta Phi and Alpha Tau Omega were chartered.:, Inthe Chicago Herald reported, "Hillsdale has a college second in standing to no denominational college in the country." Four years later, when the University of Chicago offered to affiliate with Hillsdale, the college rejected the proposal.:page needed
InHillsdale ceased grazing livestock and removed the agrarian fence circling the campus.:xxiii: It began an era of institutional growth and professionalization. InJoseph William Mauck became the college's sixth president, the first Hillsdale graduate to return as president of his alma mater. Beloved by the college community and an early and outspoken advocate for women's suffrage, Mauck served for two decades. One of the women's dormitories is named after Mauck.
Hillsdale adopted united wholesale mortgage skip a payment first honor code and held its first homecoming celebration. Inthe college amended its Articles of Association, no longer requiring the president and trustees to be Free Will Baptists. This led to a decline in the theological department's prestige but an increase in the number of Christian denominations represented on campus.::xxiii Inthe college's chapter of the Delta Sigma Phifraternity was chartered. When World War I broke out, a large proportion of (mostly male) students entered military service. By most of the upperclassmen had enlisted.
Four years after the war, William Gear Spencer succeeded Mauck as president. He served from towhen he departed to lead Franklin College. Under Spencer's leadership, the college prospered. During this time, Hillsdale acquired its acre Slayton Arboretum, built new dormitories, constructed a new field house for its developing athletic programs, and, inchartered its chapter of Chi Omega.:60–69
During the Great Depression, Willfred Otto Mauck, Joseph Mauck's son and also an alumnus, was selected as the eighth president, serving from to Throughout this era, the college struggled financially, was forced to cancel its new construction projects, and cut the pay of its faculty and staff by nearly 20%.:72–83: Succeeding Mauck, Harvey L. Turner became Hillsdale's ninth president, serving from to Despite its financial difficulties, the college built cornerstone financial credit union franklin tn new library, had an undefeated and untied football team inand celebrated its centennial inwhen more than 1, alumni returned to campus for the commencement ceremony.::
J. Donald Phillips next assumed the presidency, holding the position from to During his administration, Philips solved many of Hillsdale's financial worries and constructed many new campus buildings. In these years, Hillsdale began to resist federal regulations, particularly concerning affirmative action, which followed national civil rights legislation.:, Inthe college's trustees adopted its own "Declaration of Independence". It affirmed Hillsdale's stance against governmental control.: The college promoted the traditional education of the liberal arts and classics. In the late 20th century, it decided to forego any federal grants or subsidies, "to reaffirm its historic independence and to resist subsidization of its affairs by the federal government."
George Roche III became the 11th president of Hillsdale College in During the Roche years, Hillsdale became nationally known, in part because of its withdrawal from federal and state-assisted loan programs and grants. The U.S. Departments of Health, Education, and Welfare required the college to account for students by race as part of its affirmative action student loan program in the s, but the administration publicly refused. Hillsdale's trustees said it would follow its own non-discrimination policy and that it would, "with the help of God, resist, by all legal means, any encroachments on its independence.":–39 Inafter a decade of litigation, the college withdrew from all federal student loans, replacing government assistance with private contributions.
Roche was highly successful in fundraising until he resigned due to allegations of a personal sexual scandal. During his presidency, the college dramatically increased its endowment, established the Center for Constructive Alternatives, and hosted prominent national speakers, including Ronald Reagan. It also began publishing Imprimis, a monthly speech digest.:–23Russell Kirk taught at Hillsdale one semester a year throughout this time, beginning in
Roche resigned in latefollowing his daughter-in-law Lissa Jackson Roche's suicide and her allegations of personal scandal. On October 17,she said that she had engaged in a year on-and-off sexual affair with him. She fatally shot herself at the Slayton Arboretum on campus with a caliber handgun from her husband's gun cabinet. Married to Roche's son, known as Roche IV, Jackson Roche was employed by Hillsdale as the Managing Editor of Imprimis and Hillsdale College Press. President Roche denied the affair. The college's reputation suffered and donations declined markedly.
Larry P. Arnn has served as president of the college since  Under his tenure, the college completed various new buildings, including the John A. Halter Shooting Sports Center and Margot V. Biermann Athletic Center. The college also opened the Allan P. Kirby, Jr. Center for Constitutional Studies and Citizenship, an off-campus educational center in Washington, D.C.
InArnn was criticized for remarks about ethnic minorities he made while testifying before the Michigan legislature against the Common Core curriculum standards. Expressing concern about government interference with educational institutions, he noted having received a letter from the state Department of Education early in his presidency that said his college "violated the standards for diversity." He added, "because we didn't have enough dark ones, I guess, is what they meant." After being criticized for calling minorities "dark ones," Arnn explained that he was referring to "dark faces". He stated: "The State of Michigan sent a group of people down to my campus, with clipboards to look at the colors of people's faces and write down what they saw. We don't keep records of that information. What were they looking for besides dark ones?"
Michigan House Democratic Leader Tim Greimel condemned Arnn's comments, calling them "offensive", "inflammatory and bigoted", and asked for an apology. In response, the college issued a statement apologizing for Arnn's remark, while reiterating his concern about "state-endorsed racism", as Arnn called affirmative action.
Hillsdale enrolls approximately new students each year, with a current enrollment of around 1, students from 47 states, the District of Columbia, and eight foreign countries. The college employs full-time faculty members. Hillsdale was ranked joint 76thth in the U.S. News & World Report listing of best National Liberal Arts Colleges. The Princeton Review's The Best Colleges ranked Hillsdale as 3rd for "most conservative students" and 9th for "professors get high marks". Hillsdale was ranked rd overall, including 35th in the Midwest and st in private colleges, in the Forbes report of America's Top Colleges.
Undergraduate offerings include a variety of liberal arts majors, pre-professional programs, a teacher education program, and a journalism certificate program.
A graduate program called the "Graduate School of Statesmanship" was inaugurated in Its focus is political philosophy and American politics; it awards MA and PhD degrees in Politics.
Delp Hall and the Liberty Walk, facing Central Hall
Hillsdale's acre (81ha) campus contains multiple instructional and office buildings, 13 residence halls, seven fraternity and sorority houses, an athletic complex, music hall, arts center, conference center, hotel, and preschool. Hillsdale College bank of america 5.25 cash back card operates Hillsdale Academy, a private K–12 liberal arts school.
The Richardson Heritage Room, housed in Mossey Library
Hillsdale College was chosen to receive the personal library of Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises, following the wishes contained in von Mises's will; the collection of works is housed in the Ludwig von Mises room of the college's Mossey Library. Mossey Library also contains collections of the works of Russell Kirk and Richard Weaver, and is home to the college's Richardson Heritage room. Built inthe Heritage room holds many first-edition books and rare volumes, as well as sculptures, paintings, and historical artifacts.
The college's Slayton Arboretum was officially created in when George A. Slayton and his wife donated 14 acres (ha) to the college. The arboretum was envisioned as an outdoor laboratory and field station for students and a biological garden for the community. Initial planting was with donated plants and the labor of Hillsdale students and volunteers. InSlayton Arboretum was listed as one of Michigan's Points of Interest, and up to people a day visited the site.
The campus features the Liberty Walk, a walkway lined with bronze depictions of famous statesmen. These include George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher, and Ronald Reagan. Reagan's statue was dedicated on October 7,the centennial year of his birth. Reagan spoke at the college instating, "Hillsdale deserves the appreciation of all who labor for freedom." On May 12,the college dedicated the Douglass statue, positioned directly opposite Lincoln's. Douglass was a guest at the college in (during the Civil War), where he gave an address titled "Popular Error and Unpopular Truth." Madison's statue was dedicated on September 22, 
Hillsdale's charter prohibits any discrimination based on race, religion, or sex, and the college has been credited as the first American college to prohibit this type of discrimination in a charter. Notably, Hillsdale's football team refused to play in the Tangerine Bowl in Florida when the governing committee of the bowl would not allow the team's black players to join the white players on the field; the committee then selected Juniata College instead.
In the early s, a controversy threatened federal student loans to Hillsdale students. Title IX prohibits sex-based discrimination in any school or other education program that receives federal money. The federal government required colleges where students received federal funding to submit "Assurance of Compliance" forms mandated under Title IX, but Hillsdale refused, arguing that the government could not deny federal funds to its students where the College received no federal funds directly and there was no allegation of actual sex discrimination. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) sought to terminate federal financial assistance to Hillsdale's students; an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) denied HEW's request inand both HEW and Hillsdale appealed to HEW's Civil Rights Reviewing Authority. In Octoberthe Reviewing Authority rejected Hillsdale's arguments and the ALJ's decision, ruling that HEW could require Hillsdale to sign the Assurance of Compliance as a condition of its students receiving federal financial assistance. The college appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit; inthe Sixth Circuit ruled that government aid to individual students could be terminated without a finding that a college actually discriminated, but nevertheless upheld Hillsdale's refusal to sign the compliance forms because only its student loan and grant program is subject to Title IX regulation, not the entire college.
In the related case Grove City College v. Bell, the Supreme Court required every college or university to fulfill federal requirements—past and future requirements—if its students received federal aid. As a result of the decision, Hillsdale withdrew from all federal assistance beginning with the –85 academic year; Grove City College, the defendant in that case, followed Hillsdale's lead four years later. Beginning in the –08 academic year, Hillsdale stopped accepting Michigan state assistance, instead matching with its own aid any funds that a student would have received from the state. SinceHillsdale's entire operating budget, including scholarships, has come from private funding and endowments.
Center for Constructive Alternatives
Further information: Imprimis
Hillsdale brings speakers to campus through its Center for Constructive Alternatives program. Lectures are open to the public. Speakers have included Stephen Ambrose, Benazir Bhutto, Harry What credit score you need for amazon credit card, Russell Kirk, Harvey Mansfield, Charles Murray, Ralph Nader, P.J. O'Rourke, Phyllis Schlafly, and Juan Williams. Lectures and speeches from the series are published monthly in Imprimis, and distributed monthly for free. First published inImprimis has a circulation of over five million subscribers.
Barney Charter School Initiative
The college's Barney Charter School Initiative was established to support the launch of K–12 charter schools based on a classical liberal arts model, with a strong civics component to "equip students to understand and defend the principles of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution."
Hillsdale-Oxford Scholars Program
Through an affiliation with Oxford's Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies and the Oxford Study Abroad Program, Hillsdale College offers a study abroad program at Oxford University where participants participate in classes and extracurricular as associate members of one of 38 different colleges in the University.
Allan P. Kirby Center
The Allan P. Kirby, Jr. Center for Constitutional Studies and Citizenship, located on Capitol Hill
Hillsdale operates the Allan P. Kirby, Jr. Center for Constitutional Studies and Citizenship in Washington, D.C. The Kirby Center also provides assistance to Hillsdale students that are participating in Washington internships and co-sponsors the James Madison Fellows Program with The Heritage Foundation and the Federalist Society. It engages with senior-level congressional staff members who the college describes as "dedicated to making first principles the foremost consideration in public policy formation". A monthly lecture series hosted by the center is the AWC Family Foundation Lecture Series, which was started in The series has included lectures by David Horowitz, Brian Kennedy, John Bolton, and Hillsdale professor Paul A. Rahe. The Kirby Center also hosts an annual Constitution Day celebration and conducts online, interactive town halls on matters related to the Constitution.
The Blake Center for Faith and Freedom
InS. Prestley Blake donated his estate in Somers, Connecticut to the college. Following a lengthy battle over zoning issues, the college has turned the estate into The Blake Center for Faith and Freedom. The center includes a replica of Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. The college plans on hosting events similar to those held at other campuses in the future. The first event was held on May 20, with the donation of books for the Jefferson Library.
Main article: Hillsdale Chargers
The college has a number of sports teams that compete how do i find my citibank routing number the NCAA Division II level, including baseball, men's and women's basketball, football, softball, women's swimming, track and field, cross country, men's and women's tennis, and women's volleyball. The college also has club teams and intramural sports that vary from year to year. The Chargers, as the Hillsdale athletics teams are known, compete in the Great Midwest Athletic Conference.
Football coach Frank "Muddy" Waters was the head coach at Hillsdale from – The football stadium, Frank Waters Stadium, is named in his honor.
Hillsdale College has sponsored a football team every year since with the exception of and seasons being canceled because of World War 2. Their overall program record is in seasons of play. They split the NAIA National Championship with Central Arkansas after the game concluded in a tie. They have won 34 championships sincetheir most recent championship-winning the GMAC Conference in They have had 55 All-American players in program history and 10 All-American Academic players. Hillsdale College competed in the NAIA from its inception untilwhere it became an NCAA Division 2 institution. Keith Otterbein is the present Hillsdale Football coach. He is in his 19th season, as he became the head coach in  Thirteen players from Hillsdale have been drafted in the NFL, and eleven have been signed as undrafted free agents. Hillsdale has been a part of four different conferences and was also independent at one point. Fromthey were a part of the MIAA. Fromthey were independent. Inthey were no longer independent and joined the GLIAC until Inthey left the GLIAC to join the MIFC for eight years, Inthey rejoined the GLIAC conference and remained there until Now, they stand in the GMAC conference. A few outstanding records from over the years are the program’s longest winning streak, 34 in and Troy Weatherhead holds the record for the highest percentage of passes completed in a season, %, in the year
InHillsdale College was named one of the best schools in the U.S. for student-athletes by Next College Student Athlete's NCSA Power Rankings. Hillsdale was the fourth ranked school among all NCAA Division II colleges and universities in the U.S. The NCSA Power Rankings, which recognize the best colleges and universities in the U.S. for student-athletes, ranked Hillsdale within the top 10 among all Division II schools for several sports including football, baseball, softball, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's tennis, men's and women's track and field, women's swimming and women's volleyball. Hillsdale men's track and field also ranked 97th overall (among all divisions).
Hillsdale also has a nationally ranked competitive shotgun team. Competing in both the Association of College Unions International and the Scholastic Clay Target Program circuits, the team are seven-time ACUI Collegiate national champions, winning in–, and It competes in six shotgun shooting disciplines: trap, skeet, sporting clays, and a variation on each.
Greek chase banks in tyler tx American Interfraternity Conference Fraternities
National Panhellenic Conference Sororities
Hillsdale's alma mater is "White and Blue". The words and melody were composed by Bess Hagaman Tefft, Class of 
Main article: List of Hillsdale College alumni
Politics and law
- E. Ross Adair (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana
- Chester Hardy Aldrich (), Governor of Nebraska and justice on the Nebraska Supreme Court
- Joseph Cella (), United States Ambassador to Fiji
- Chris Chocola (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 2nd congressional district and President of the Club for Growth
- Cyrus Cline (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana
- David L. Cornwell (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana
- Dan Crane (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois' 22nd and 19th congressional districts
- Phil Crane (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois' 8th congressional district
- Robert William Davis (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 11th congressional district
- Solomon Robert Dresser (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and founder and president of S.R. Dresser Manufacturing Co., now Dresser Industries
- Spencer O. Fisher (c. ), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 10th congressional district
- Albert J. Hopkins (), U.S. Senator from Illinois
- Henry M. Kimball (c. ), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 3rd congressional district
- Verner Main (), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan
- Spencer G. Millard (), Lieutenant Governor of California
- Joseph B. Moore (), justice on the Michigan Supreme Court
- Thomas Morrison (), representative for the 54th District in the Illinois General Assembly
- Aric Nesbitt (), member of Michigan House of Representatives (–), 66th district and House Majority Floor Leader; President Pro Tempore of the Michigan State Senate (–present)
- Walter H. North (), justice on the Michigan Supreme Court
- Jasper Packard (c. ), newspaper editor and U.S. Representative from Indiana
- Paul J. Ray, Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs
- David Viviano (), justice on the Michigan Supreme Court
- Beth Walker (), justice of the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals
- Hans Zeiger (), author and representative for the 25th Legislative District of Washington
Military and public service
Science and engineering
- Bion J. Arnold, pioneer in electrical engineering and mass transportation
Professional sports and athletics
- Andre Holmes (), wide receiver for the Denver Broncos
- Jared Veldheer (), offensive lineman for the Green Bay Packers
- Tom Heckert (), former general manager for the Cleveland Browns
- Spanky McFarland (), college baseball coach at Northern Illinois and James Madison
- Ron Tripp (c. ), expert in hollister customer service uk and judo and current general secretary of USA Judo
- Chester Marcol (), placekicker for the Green Bay Packers and Houston Oilers
- Chuck Liebrock (), offensive lineman in the Canadian Football League for the Toronto Argonauts and Winnipeg Blue Bombers
- Bruce McLenna (), halfback for the Detroit Lions and Kansas City Chiefs
- Bud Acton (c. ), NBA player with the San Diego Rockets
- Howard Mudd (), offensive lineman for the San Francisco 49ers and Chicago Bears and offensive line coach for the Philadelphia Eagles
- Wayne Schurr (), relief pitcher for the Chicago Cubs
- Mike Lude (), head football coach at Colorado State University and Athletic Director at Kent State University, University of Washington, and Auburn University
- Fred Knorr (), radio executive and part-owner of the Detroit Tigers
- Lynn Bell (), minor-league professional baseball player and college football coach
Academia and scholarship
- Manuel Ayau (), Guatemalan-born politician, humanitarian, and founder of the "Universidad Francisco Marroquín"
- Clara Kern Bayliss (, ), first woman to graduate from Hillsdale, became writer, educator
- Elizebeth Friedman (), pioneer in cryptology
- Peter Leeson (), economist
- Robert P. Murphy (), economist and author
- Gennady Stolyarov II (), libertarian and transhumanist writer
- Robert Page Sims (), college president, civil rights activist
- Michael Anton, former senior national security official in the Trump administration
- Larry P. Arnn, educator and political scientist
- Bradley J. Birzer, history professor and holder of the Russell Amos Kirk Chair in American Studies
- Ronald J. Pestritto, graduate dean and professor of politics
- Paul A. Rahe, historian
- Gary L. Wolfram, economist and public policy analyst
- D. G. Hart, historian
- Mollie Hemingway, journalist
- David Azerrad, former director and fellow at the Heritage Foundation
Visiting faculty and fellows
- Victor Davis Hanson, classicist and war historian
- D.G. Hart, religious and social historian
- Mark Helprin, novelist and intelligence expert
- Carl F.H. Henry, theologian
- David McCullough, historian
- Madsen Pirie, British researcher, author, and educator
- Mark Steyn, journalist
- Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- Michael Bauman, theologian
- John Jay Butler, Free Will Baptist theologian
- Allan C. Carlson, historian
- Ransom Dunn, dean and professor emeritus
- Clark Durant, educator, Senate candidate, co-founder of Cornerstone Schools (Michigan) and Imprimis
- Richard Ebeling, Austrian School economist
- Burton Folsom, economic historian
- Sir Martin Gilbert, official biographer of Winston Churchill and twentieth-century historian
- Daniel McBride Graham, abolitionist, inventor
- Russell Kirk, conservative writer
- Madsen Pirie, British researcher and former visitor in philosophy and logic
- Frank "Muddy" Waters, College Football Hall of Fame inductee
Notable Administrators and Promoters
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