Linux Is About Freedom; Alternative Online Methods to Get AutoCAD; Taking AutoCAD Offline; The Virtual Machine; Technical Notes Before You. Product Key Free: Microsoft Office 2020 – Serial Number (3/2020) Adobe Open Source For You KGDB with VirtualBox: Debug a Live Kernel. If you get this error, open Disk Management and see if the disk is shown as to install Ubuntu 64-bit on Windows 7 64-bit using Oracle VM Virtual Box.
Related VideosHow to Enable Copy and Paste in a VirtualBox Running Ubuntu Linux
How to Install Windows 7 on a VirtualBox Virtual Machine
Windows 7 is a relic. Not quite as ancient as Windows XP, but Windows 7 has long since passed its 2020 end-of-life date. Unless you're paying major money, Microsoft isn't delivering Windows 7 security patches. Companies that rely on Windows 7 will pay Microsoft to keep working on and fixing the operating system. But those fixes are unlikely to reach virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U public.
One option is to install Windows 7 on a VirtualBox virtual machine. So, if you have a Windows 7 license key and a Windows 7 ISO, here's how you can install Windows 7 on a virtual machine.
What You Need to Install Windows 7 in VirtualBox
Before you get going, you need a few things in place.
AirMagic Creative Edition License key The tutorial uses VirtualBox, a free virtual machine program. You need to download avant browser ultimate - Crack Key For U install VirtualBox before continuing. Download and install VirtualBox version 5.2.xx using the link below. VirtualBox 5.2.xx can install and run both 32- and 64-bit image files.
Download:VirtualBox 5.2.xx (Free)
There is a later version of VirtualBox, version 6.x. However, VirtualBox version 6.x can only install and run 64-bit image files. In that, the earlier 5.2.xx version is handy as it can handle both architectures and is still receiving updates.
You also need your Windows 7 disk image (ISO). If you don't have your Windows 7 ISO, you can enter your Windows 7 product key on the official Microsoft Windows 7 page to secure an official download.
Once you install VirtualBox and have your Windows 7 ISO, you can continue.
Related: How to Use VirtualBox: User's Guide
How to Install Windows 7 in VirtualBox
Now you can install Windows 7 in a virtual machine, using VirtualBox.
Open VirtualBox. Select New. Give your Windows 7 virtual machine a name.
Now, decide how much memory to allocate to the virtual machine. How much you allocate depends on the host system as well as what you use Windows 7 for. For example, my desktop has 16GB RAM, so I can afford to allocate the virtual machine more memory so that it runs faster. In this case, I'm allocating 2048MB, which is 2GB.
In the bottom panel, select Create a virtual hard disk now, then Create.
virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U Next, configure the Windows 7 virtual machine disk size. Microsoft recommends a minimum of 16GB storage for Windows 7. Allocate as much as you want or need, but make sure it is more than 16GB.
Keep the Hard disk file type as a VDI (you can move this virtual machine disk type to other virtual machine software), and let VirtualBox dynamically allocate the disk size (if you need more storage than you allocate, the disk can dynamically expand).
Configure Your Windows 7 Virtual Machine
Before hitting Start, there are a few options that you must configure.
Right-click the virtual machine and select Settings.
Now, under the System tab, select Processor. You have the option of allocating your Windows 7 virtual machine more processing power by way of assigning another processor core. If you have a multi-core system, assigning an extra core will give you a faster virtual machine experience. Depending on your system hardware, it could result in slower performance for the host machine.
Next, under the Display tab, increase the Video Memory to 128MB.
On to the Storage tab. Here is where you insert your Windows 7 ISO. Under Storage Devices, select the Empty slot. Then, under Attributes, select the disk icon. Browse the location of your Windows 7 ISO. Press OK.
You're now ready to boot your Windows 7 VirtualBox virtual machine for the first time.
Windows 7 Installation Guide
When the virtual machine boots, select your keyboard language and continue. Hit Install Now, then accept the licensing agreement.
On the next page, select Custom, then select the virtual disk image drive created earlier. After that, the Windows 7 installation process will start. Go and make a cup of tea because this can take a moment. After the installation process completes, your Windows 7 virtual machine will restart automatically.
Windows 7 will restart a few times during the installation process. It is nothing to worry about. Do not touch a key when prompted or you will return to the Install Now option, rather than letting the installer do its thing.
Eventually, you will arrive at the Windows 7 Username set up, followed by the password creation page.
Next up is to input your Windows 7 product key. If you already input your product key and downloaded Windows 7 direct from Microsoft, you might not encounter this page. If you do not have a Windows 7 product key now, you can skip this page, but your Windows 7 virtual machine will have limited functionality.
Use the Recommended security settings, choose your time zone, and continue.
Install the VirtualBox Guest Additions ISO
The final setup is for the VirtualBox Guest Additions ISO. VirtualBox Guest Additions give your virtual machine better mouse pointer integration, the use of shared files between the host and the client, better video support, shared clipboards, and a host of other handy tools.
- Head to Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD Image.
- Inside the Windows 7 virtual machine, select Start Menu > Computer. Open the Guest Additions CD Image, then run VBoxWindowsAdditions.
- Install the Guest Additions, then Reboot.
Windows 7 End of Life Support Date
Microsoft shut off Windows 7 life support on 14 January 2020. Some companies, products, and services have no choice but to continue using Windows 7. But if you're a home user who is clinging to Windows 7 because it is familiar, the end-of-life date for Windows 7 has come and gone, and you should no longer use this antiquated and potentially dangerous operating system.
Windows 7's end of life is fast approaching. Upgrade from Windows 7 to 10 before January 2020, we show you how.
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Gavin is the Junior Editor for Windows and Technology Explained, a regular contributor to the Really Useful Podcast, and a regular product reviewer. He has a BA (Hons) Contemporary Writing with Digital Art Practices pillaged from the hills of Devon, as well as over a decade of professional writing experience. He enjoys copious amounts of tea, board games, and football.
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VirtualBox Emulator User Guide
webOS Open Source Edition (OSE) provides an emulator that enables you to develop the webOS application and service on a virtual environment. With the emulator, you can test major features of webOS OSE on your PC without the need of a physical device such as Raspberry Pi.
The emulator runs as a virtual machine on VirtualBox and supports host platforms including Ubuntu Linux, macOS, and Windows.
- The VirtualBox-based emulator is supported by webOS OSE 1.10.0 or higher.
- webOS OSE emulator requires VirtualBox version 6.0 or higher, which can be installed on 64-bit host platforms only.
Key characteristics of the emulator are as follows:
- VirtualBox-based emulator
- Emulates major features of webOS OSE platform on PC without Raspberry Pi target device
- Provides graphics functionality with host PC’s GPU H/W acceleration
- Supports webOS OSE CLI tool for application and service development
- Since webOS OSE 2.7.0, Ubuntu 20.04 build system and additional patches are needed to build the VirtualBox Emulator. For more details on how to build and patch, visit webOS OSE emulator GitHub.
The emulator requires the following environments.
- VirtualBox v6.0 or higher
- System memory
- Operating system
- Ubuntu Linux
- 16.04 LTS (64-bit)
- 18.04 LTS (64-bit)
- 20.04 LTS (64-bit)
- macOS Sierra (10.12) or higher (64-bit)
- Windows 7 (64-bit)
- Windows 10 (64-bit)
- Ubuntu Linux
If you don’t have Oracle VM VirtualBox already installed on your computer, you need to install it.
You can either download a package () file and install the package, or use the command to install Oracle VM VirtualBox from an online package repository (recommended).
Installing a Package
Download the appropriate package from VirtualBox for Linux page and install the package.
Installing from an Online Package Repository
Follow the instructions in Debian-based Linux distributions section.
Download the binary package specified as “OS X hosts” from VirtualBox Download page and install it on your computer.
Download the binary package specified as “Windows hosts” from VirtualBox Download page and install it on your computer.
Setting the path on Windows
On Windows, the path to the VirtualBox installation directory is not automatically added to the path during installation. We strongly recommend you set the path manually for later steps, using one of the commands below on a command shell.
|Setting the PATH variable in the system environment (run the shell as Administrator)|
|Setting the PATH variable in the user environment|
To make the changes take effect, you must restart the command shell.
(Optional) Installing VirtualBox Extension Pack
Basically, VirtualBox supports USB 1.1 (OHCI) devices. To configure USB 2.0 or 3.0 devices, Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack is required.
Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack is only free for “Personal Use&rdquo. For more details, see VirtualBox Extension Pack Personal Use and Evaluation License.
Download the same version of Extension Pack as your installed version of VirtualBox from the download page, and install the Extension Pack.
Preparing a webOS OSE Emulator Virtual Machine Image
Build the webOS OSE image for the emulator in Building webOS OSE.
- Make sure you set up the build for the emulator at the configuration step.
- After the build is completed, check that the resulting image () has been created properly.
Setting Up the Virtual Machine in VirtualBox
You can create and set up a VirtualBox virtual machine from the GUI or from the command line.
Using the GUI
The screenshots below have been captured from Oracle VM VirtualBox v6.0.14 on Windows 10. If you are using a different version of the program or on a different host operating system, you might notice minor differences in the position or name of GUI elements.
Start the Oracle VM VirtualBox application. You can launch the program from the application menu or by typing in a command shell.
Ubuntu Linux only
You can ignore the “Error opening file for reading: Permission denied” error that might appear when launching the VirtualBox GUI from the shell.
First, you need to create a webos-image virtual machine. To create a webos-image virtual machine, click New on the icon toolbar.
In the Create Virtual Machine wizard that appears, input the general information of the virtual machine.
- In the Name box, type webos-image.
- From the Type list, select Linux.
- From the Version list, select Other Linux (32-bit).
- Click Next.
In the Memory size section, set the amount of memory you wish to allocate to the webos-image virtual machine.
We recommend that you allocate at least 2 GB (2048 MB) of memory for stable performance. It is also recommended that the memory configured for the virtual machine should be less than 50% of the system memory.
Type the amount of memory in the box to the right of the slider, and click Next.
In the Hard disk section, select Use an existing virtual hard disk file and click icon.
Click the Add button and locate the webOS image () on your computer that you wish to install on the virtual machine.
Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager will return to the main screen and display the details of the created virtual machine.
Next, you need to modify the system settings of webos-image virtual machine. On the icon toolbar, click Settings.
In the Settings dialog box that appears, click System in the navigation bar.
The Motherboard category will be displayed.
- In Boot Order, clear checkboxes on Floppy and Optical.
- In Extended Features, select Enable I/O APIC.
- Click the Processor tab.
The Processor section will be displayed.
You need to specify the number of processors you want for your virtual machine. You can specify 1, but we recommend you set it to a higher value (up to 4), depending on your system capabilities.
The Display section will be displayed.
- In Video Memory, set the amount of video memory you wish to allocate to the webos-image virtual machine. You can allocate up to 128 MB of memory.
- In Monitor Count, set the count of monitor to 1 or 2. webOS OSE supports up to two monitors.
- From the Graphics Controller list, select VMSVGA.
- In Acceleration, ensure that Enable 3D Acceleration option is selected.
- On the navigation bar, click Audio.
The Audio section will be displayed.
- Ensure that Enable Audio is selected.
- Configure Host Audio Driver as follows, depending on your operating system:
- On Ubuntu Linux, select PulseAudio.
- On macOS, select CoreAudio.
- On Windows, select Windows DirectSound.
- From the Audio Controller list, select ICH AC97.
- In Extended Features, select Enable Audio Output and Enable Audio Input.
- On the navigation bar, click Network.
The Network section will be displayed. Ensure that the Adapter 1 tab is selected.
From the Adapter 1 tab, click Advanced. You will see advanced network settings.
From the Adapter Type list, select Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop (82540EM).
Next, click Port Forwarding.
The Port Forwarding Rules dialog box will show up.
You need to set up port forwarding rules to connect through SSH and Web Inspector. To add port forwarding rules, click .
You will see the rules table. Set the rules by typing the following values in the appropriate column:
Column name SSH Web Inspector Name Type ssh Type web-inspector Protocol Select TCP Select TCP Host IP Leave it blank Leave it blank Host Port Type 6622 Type 9998 Guest IP Leave it blank Leave it blank Guest Port Type 22 Type 9998
Click OK. You will return to the Adapter 1 section.
Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager will return to the main screen and display the details of the virtual machine with updated information.
Your virtual machine is ready for use. To start the virtual machine, ensure that the virtual machine you wish to run is selected. On the icon toolbar, click Start.
Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager will display the webos-image virtual machine window.
It will display the VirtualBox - Information dialog box. ConvertXtoDVD 7 key + Serial Key Free Download 2020 OK.
Next you will see another VirtualBox - Information dialog box, informing you about how the mouse capture has been set up. Click OK.
You can now begin using the webos-image virtual machine.
The display resolution of webos-image defaults to 1920x1080. If it is too big to be displayed on the monitor, you can adjust the scale with the following command.
The example below scales the resolution of webos-image to 70% with the scale factor of 0.7.
Using the Commands
To create a virtual machine from the command line, the command of VirtualBox is used.
The following example shows commands used to create and set up a webos-image virtual machine for a Ubuntu Linux host with a similar setting of the GUI example above. Type the following virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U sequentially in a command shell:
|A command-line example to create a virtual machine Polaris Office 9.113 Build 70.443549 Crack + License Key Download 2021 Ubuntu Linux|
- For audio setup on other host operating systems, use the following commands:
- For Windows, make sure you pass instead of to the serial port setup.
- For more details on command of VirtualBox, refer to the VBoxManage reference.
To attach the webOS OSE emulator image () to the virtual machine, type:
To launch the virtual machine, type the following in a command shell:
Configuring USB Devices
To use USB devices with the emulator, first add the required USB device on VirtualBox and then launch the virtual machine.
Currently, the emulator supports Bluetooth dongle, USB storage device, USB Webcam, and in-built Webcam and Bluetooth.
To configure USB 2.0 or 3.0 devices, the VirtualBox Extension Pack must be installed. See (Optional) Installing VirtualBox Extension Pack for more information.
To add the device, before launching the virtual machine on VirtualBox, do the following:
- Select the virtual machine (from the left-hand side).
- Click the settings icon to display the settings dialog.
- Click USB.
- Select the Enable USB Controller checkbox.
- Select the USB 1.1 (OHCI) Controller option.
- Click the + icon (on the right-hand side) to get a list of USB devices.
- Select the required device (Bluetooth dongle, USB storage device, or USB webcam).
- The device is added to the USB Device Filters field.
- Click OK.
Now, launch the virtual machine and after it starts, from the Devices menu, select the required USB device(s).
Updating the Image on the Virtual Machine
The following describes the steps to update the emulator image on the previously created virtual machine.
Prepare a new emulator image by building webOS OSE for emulator.
Start Oracle VM VirtualBox on your computer. From the virtual machine list, select the virtual machine whose image you wish to update. From the icon toolbar, click Settings.
On the navigation bar of the Settings dialog box, click Storage. From the Controller: IDE list, select the build image that you wish to update.
On the Attributes section, click icon. From the displayed menu, select Choose Virtual Hard Disk File….
You will see the Please choose a virtual hard disk file dialog box. Locate the new webOS image you wish to install from your computer. Select the appropriate emulator image file (), and click Open.
The Storage section will show up. Click OK. Now your virtual machine has been updated and you are ready to use the updated virtual machine.
Connecting to the Emulator
On the host machine, you can connect to the emulator in various ways.
Connect from the Shell
The best way to get a shell into the emulator is with SSH. On the command shell, type the following command with the host port number (6622) configured for ssh in the port forwarding rules during the setup process:
To avoid error messages about the host changing every time you change emulator images, you can add the following flags to ssh (or create an alias in your to do this for you):
Use a SSH client (for example, Putty) to connect to the emulator using SSH protocol.
Connect from the Web Browser
To connect to the emulator using Web Inspector, access on a web browser (for example, Chrome). The port number must match the value configured for web-inspector (for example, 9998) in the port forwarding rules during the setup process.
Connect from the Serial Ports
For more details on serial ports setup, visit webOS Emulator Tips
How to upgrade from Windows 7 to Ubuntu – Installation
Installing an operating system is not an easy task. For most people, this is something they will never have done. The vast majority of people buy computers with the operating system already installed, so they never have to manually run through the system setup. The process virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U be intimidating, but we will try to make it as simple as possible.
In this article, we’d like to continue the journey we started last week – how to successfully migrate from Windows 7 to Ubuntu. In the first article, video converter free - Crack Key For U talked about the preparation steps – the differences between Windows and Ubuntu, software parity, hardware support, and data backup ahead of the change. Here, we will show you how to safely install Ubuntu. In the last tutorial of this series, we will tour the Ubuntu desktop, install popular applications, and learn how to use Ubuntu.
Let’s start with the phrases we will use in this tutorial. Some of the terms can seem vague at this point, but they will make more sense as we go along.
The setup of a new operating system is broadly called installation. The installation has several stages:
- You need to download the installation media (think an exe file in Windows for an application setup). The installation media will usually come in the form of ISO files. For instance, if you download Ubuntu, then you will find a file called something like ubuntu-18.04.3-desktop-amd64.iso in your download folder location.
- You need to copy the contents of the installation media to an external device, DVD or thumb drive. This is done with a dedicated tool, which will correctly prepare the external device for use, and store the contents of the installation media on it.
- You need to boot (start) the external device on your computer. Typically, this means connecting the external media (placing a DVD into the tray or inserting a thumb drive into a USB port). Next, you need live videos wallpaper instruct your computer to boot from the external media. Some computers are configured to do this automatically. In other cases, you will need to access your computer’s setup (usually by pressing F2 or Del keys early on when the computer is powered on or rebooted), and then change a setting called boot order. We will cover this in more detail later on.
- Once the computer correctly identifies the external media, it will boot the operating system on this media. What this means, Ubuntu will now start. Do not worry, the installation will not begin right away. If left with no user interaction, Ubuntu will launch into the live mode, which means your underlying hardware (disks) will not be touched, and you can safely test and experiment with Ubuntu before you decide to make any changes.
- In the live environment, you can play around to get the sense of how Ubuntu works, try applications, and verify your hardware is correctly initialized. Once you’re happy and confident with the overall look & feel, you can proceed to install the operating system.
- The actual installation is the next step. At this point, the operating system will warn you that changes are going to be written to your hard disk, so you can back out if you are unsure or do not want to proceed, for any reason. Once the installation completes, the next time you reboot your computer, it will start Ubuntu.
|Installation media||ISO file||ISO file|
|Boot sequence||The startup of a computer||The startup of a computer|
|Live session||N/A||A session in which the operating system runs in memory only and does not touch the hard disks; it is great for non-destructive testing of the operating system and software|
|Installation||Copy of the installation media to hard drive and user setup||Copy of the installation media to hard drive and user setup|
|Partitioning||The installation sub-step during which the hard disk is configured||The installation sub-step during which the hard disk is configured|
|Partition||A logical slice of the hard disk. In Windows, these are identified by drive letters, like C:\, D:\||Partitions in Linux use the following notation:|
/dev/sdXyX – letter (a, b, c, etc) that denotes which the hard disk number. If you have only one hard disk, it will be a.Y – number that denotes the partition on a particular hard disk. For instance, /dev/sda3 denotes the third partition on the first hard disk.
|Filesystem||The logical structure used to store files on a drive. By default, Windows uses NTFS.||By default, Linux uses Ext4. Linux supports many other filesystems, and can also read/write Windows filesystems.|
|Mountpoint||The logical endpoint by which the filesystem on a particular partition is made accessible to the user. Synonymous with how partitions are shown to the user through Window Explorer (C:\, D:\, etc).||In Linux, there is a single tree that contains all mount points to all filesystems.|
The top-tree element is called root, and it is identified by the forward-slash character (/).
Entries under the root will then point to different folders/files. For example:
/usr – folder that contains application data. It can be mapped to any partition/filesystem (e.g.: /dev/sda5)/home – folder that contains user data, like virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U settings and documents. It can be mapped to any partition/filesystem (e.g.: /dev/sdb6)
|Formatting||The process of initialization of a partition with a new filesystem. This is a destructive process.||The process of initialization of a partition with a new filesystem. This is a destructive process.|
There are multiple ways operating systems can be configured – this is not unique to Ubuntu; this is true for all operating systems out there.
- A Single operating system on a computer – the most typical and common scenario. A hard disk contains a single operating system. It is relatively simple to configure and maintain. Most Windows 7 users will have PCs or laptops set up this way.
- Dual boot – This is a configuration where there are two operating systems installed on the same computer. Each operating system could reside on a separate hard disk, or they could both be installed on one hard disk, on different partitions. In a dual-boot setup, usually there will be a menu displayed early on in the boot sequence of the computer, allowing the user to choose which operating system they want to run. On physical systems, only one operating system can run at one time. A dual-boot setup could be Windows 7 and Ubuntu, side by side. You can then alternate between the two and use them as you see fit, with a reboot in between each use.
- Multi boot – Like dual-boot, but there are three or more operating systems.
- Virtualization – This is a concept that allows one to run an entire operating system on top of another operating system. This is done using a dedicated piece of software called hypervisor. The hypervisor software runs on your host operating system, and it allows you to create virtual machines that emulate hardware. You can then install a guest operating system on top of this emulated hardware, and use them side by side. Virtualization isn’t trivial, but it is a good way to test new operating systems without trying them on your physical hardware. This way, you can practice using Linux, get comfortable with the installation steps before you do anything on your actual PC or laptop.
If you decide to install Ubuntu, the sequence of steps will be slightly different based on your choice of the configuration (single boot, dual boot, etc).
If you want to replace Windows 7 with Ubuntu, you will need to:
- Format your C:\ drive (with the Linux Ext4 filesystem) as part of the Ubuntu setup. This will delete all your data on that particular hard disk or partition, so you must have a data backup in place first.
- Install Ubuntu on the newly formatted partition.
If you want to dual-boot Windows with Ubuntu – even as a transition step until you get accustomed to using Ubuntu, you will need to choose one of the two options below:
- Allow Ubuntu installer to configure things automatically – most likely, it will be able to set up the two operating systems side by side.
- Alternatively, you will need to change the hard disk and/or partition layout so there’s at least one new partition that can accommodate the installation of Ubuntu. This may require changing the size of existing partitions (shrinking) to create space for a new partition. In some cases, this may not be possible, or you may not have sufficient disk space. The management of partitions can be done in the Ubuntu live session using a tool called Gparted partition manager (available by default in Ubuntu). You will need to be comfortable with the Linux hard disk and partition notation to use this software. You also must be careful, because most operations are destructive, so if you delete or format partitions, you could lose your data or render your computer unbootable. Then, you can install Ubuntu on the newly created and formatted partition.
Please note: This scenario will not actually migrate you from Windows 7 to Ubuntu. However, it is a very useful exercise, as it will help you get familiar and comfortable with the new operating system, so you can then commit to a setup on physical hardware – and actually replace Windows 7.
Let’s start with the simplest and safest of scenarios – we will install VirtualBox, a free virtualization software, create an Ubuntu virtual machine template, and then run through the installation.
- Download Ubuntu ISO. You can either download the LTS image, which comes with five years of support, or one of the interim releases, which have a 9-month support timeframe and ship with some of the newer features and applications than what you get by default in an LTS version. It’s a trade-off between stability and support on one end and using the latest software on the other.
- Download VirtualBox and install it in Windows. You are not limited to where you install the software. This can be done in any version of Windows, or even other operating systems.
- Start VirtualBox, and create a new Ubuntu virtual machine.
- Create a virtual hard disk for Ubuntu.
- Create a virtual optical storage device (this will be the virtual DVD drive). We will “run” the Kaspersky cracked version - Crack Key For U file from it. Effectively, when the virtual machine starts, it will treat the optical storage device with the ISO attached to it as though you had copied the ISO contents to a DVD or a USB thumb drive, and booted this on a physical computer.
- Follow the guided wizard to install Ubuntu. Pay attention to the hard disk setup.
Run the downloaded VirtualBox setup exe, and follow the instructions. The one part where you need to windows 8.1 crack - Free Activators attention is the configuration of network adapters. By design, virtualization products create virtual machines (computers), with their own virtual hardware, including network. You will need to approve the installation of VirtualBox network drivers (signed by Oracle).
New virtual machine setup
Once VirtualBox is installed and configured, start the application. Click on the New button. You will now be asked several questions. You will need to provide the name for your virtual machine (VM). You can use anything, like John or Jane, but it is best to use the exact operating system version. Password Depot 15.2.0 Crack With Full Keygen 2021 Download you type in Ubuntu, VirtualBox will automatically detect what you’re trying to do.
The next step is decide how much RAM you want to give your VM. Then, you need to configure a virtual hard disk. Once these steps are complete, the VM is ready to start. However, we also need to attach the Ubuntu ISO to it.
Click on Settings. In the new window, click on Storage. In the right panel, there will be multiple Storage Devices listed – think hard disks and DVD trays on a physical computer. You will have your hard disk there (in the .vdi format), and an empty IDE controller with a virtual optical drive attached to it. Select it, and then, from the drop down menu, select Choose a disk file… and navigate to where you downloaded the Ubuntu ISO (called something like ubuntu-18.04.3-desktop-amd64.iso). After you complete this step, you can start the VM, and it should boot from the “external” media (in this case the virtual DVD tray).
Once you start the virtual machine, you will see Ubuntu launch.
Ubuntu live session
On startup, Ubuntu will ask you what you want to do – Try Ubuntu or Install Ubuntu.
If you select Try Ubuntu, the operating system will launch into a live session, running from memory. Your disks are untouched at this stage. You can play around, get the feel for the operating system and its desktop layout, try network connectivity, test applications, and more. Once you’re ready to install Ubuntu, click on the desktop icon, or the installer shortcut in the vertical taskbar on the left.
Ubuntu installation wizard
The installation process is done with a step-by-step wizard. The first step is just a Welcome note and installer language selection.
The second step is to choose your keyboard layout. You can always add more layouts (and languages) after the installation.
Connect to the Internet
The optional third step is network. If you’re using a desktop and have a wired connection, you probably won’t see this step in the installer. If you’re on a laptop with a wireless connection, the installer will ask you if you want to connect to an access point. This is not mandatory, but it does allow you to install updates before you get to the desktop. Alternatively, you can connect to the network from the top taskbar (panel), via a drop-down menu in the right corner.
Updates and other software
The fourth step is to decide what setup you like. Most people want the normal installation, which comes with a complete desktop and a set of productivity applications. You can also choose to install third-party software, graphics drivers and media codecs (last checkbox). This is recommended, as it will give you access to a wider range of applications and use cases.
In the virtual machine, your hard disk will contain no data. This is why the installer will notify you that it cannot detect any operating systems. It also makes the first option – Erase disk and install Ubuntu – perfectly safe to run.
Timezone and user setup
The installation will begin now in the background. You will be able to configure your timezone and your user. The choice of the timezone will determine your language locale. For instance, if you’ve selected English (US) as your keyboard layout and choose London, UK as your timezone, Ubuntu will be configured with British English as the desktop interface language. You will be able to change this after the installation if you like.
The user setup is self-explanatory – choose your name, computer name and your password. You can auto-login into the desktop, or have the system ask you for your credentials to allow you to login.
Here, we will configure a dual-boot setup. Once again, we are not getting rid of Windows 7 just yet. But this scenario allows us to test Ubuntu on physical hardware without altering the Windows 7 data. This way we will gain additional knowledge and practice ahead of the actual migration.
After you have mastered this step, you can then re-run the installation and replace Windows 7 with Ubuntu (on the same PC or a different computer, if you like). Alternatively, you can simply reuse the Windows 7 partition(s) inside Ubuntu as additional storage space.
- Download Ubuntu ISO.
- Download UNetbootin and burn the Ubuntu ISO to a DVD, or download unetbootin and use it to copy the Ubuntu ISO to a USB thumb drive.
- Insert the installation media into the computer (DVD tray or USB port), access the BIOS of your computer, choose the installation media, and boot it. This will launch the Ubuntu live session.
Prepare external media
Launch the UNetbootin tool. You have two options available: 1) download Ubuntu from the tool directly and then copy it to the USB drive 2) load a previously downloaded ISO image. Either option will work fine. Since we’ve downloaded the ISO already, check the Diskimage button, locate the ISO file on your disk.
Once the USB drive is ready, insert it into your computer, and power it on. Some computers are automatically configured to boot from NinjaGram 184.108.40.206 Crack + Serial Key Latest Version media first. In that case, you won’t need to do anything. Other computers require a manual change to the startup order. This is done by editing the BIOS boot menu. Each hardware manufacturer uses its own BIOS implementation, so there is no uniform way to do this. Typically, you will need to press a key (F2 or Del or alike) to access BIOS, and then you will need to change the Boot order or Boot options so that your system starts from the external device containing the Ubuntu operating system.
Ubuntu installation wizard (physical hardware)
The first four steps in the installer are identical to the virtual machine. The real difference is whether there is any information stored on the hard disk(s). In a virtual machine, the hard disk was empty, and it did not contain any partitions (like a new computer). On a computer that has Windows 7 installed, the installer will show different options.
Most likely, the installer will inform you it has found Windows 7 and will suggest installing Ubuntu alongside it. Effectively, the installer will try to find the most suitable partition, allow you to shrink it, create a new partition in the free space after the resizing, and install Ubuntu on it.
Alternatively, if you do not care about anything on your hard disk – or feel comfortable with completely removing Windows 7 – you can use the second option, erase everything, and setup Ubuntu as the only operating system. If you have safely backed up your virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U from Windows 7, you can use this option. If you’re not sure, the best way is to start with the dual-boot option, and then eventually fully replace Windows 7 once you’re confident with using Ubuntu.
If you select the first option (Ubuntu alongside Windows 7), the next step in the installer allows you to allocate drive space. You can drag the divider to decide how much you want to resize the Windows partition – Ubuntu will be installed in the remainder.
If you are familiar with the eset internet security latest key - Activators Patch of disk and partition management, you can also use the last option – Something else, where you can make changes manually to partitions as you see fit. These are non-trivial steps, and not recommended for new users.
Advanced: Manual partitioning
If you do not want to use the dual-boot option, or the installer cannot set it up automatically for you, you will need to manually configure the partitions. In the Ubuntu desktop, click on Activities, type Gparted in the search box, launch the application. It will scan your hard disks and show you a table of results.
The image above is from a laptop with a Windows 7 installation. It has a single 500GB hard disk, shown as /dev/sda (465.76 GiB). It has a total of eight partitions:
- /dev/sda1 is the Windows hidden system/boot partition.
- /dev/sda2 is the actual C:\ drive – this is not immediately obvious from this list, but you can deduce it from the rest of the information, and also by comparing size to what it should be in Windows 7.
- /dev/sda3 is a special type of partition. Without going into too many technical details, it is an extended partition – a special type of primary partition that can nest logical partitions. On computer systems that use the ms-dos type of partition table, there is a limitation of four (primary) partitions. To work around this limitation, you can create the extended one to span a large part of the hard disk space, and then create logical partitions inside it. Newer systems using the gpt type do not have this limitation.
- /dev/sda5 is the first logical partition. There is no /dev/sda4, and logical partitions will always be numbered 5 and above. This partition has NTFS filesystem and even carries a label – Games, so you know what type of data it contains. The label can help you prevent damage by trying to modify partitions that contain important data.
- /dev/sda6, /dev/sda7 and /dev/sda8 are logical partitions, with labels, containing additional user data.
From the data presented by GParted, we do not have sufficient free space, so we will need to change the partition layout. We can either delete one of the non-C:\ partitions, or resize them. The last partition, dev/sds8 (labeled Downloads) looks like a good candidate. It is a large partition, and most likely contains less critical data. Click on a partition and select Resize from the menu. Gparted will attempt to run this operating, and if successful, you will have free space available to set up Ubuntu.
In the Ubuntu alongside Windows 7 option, the installer automatically selected/dev/sda8 as the candidate for the installation. If your computer only has one partition (essentially the C:\ drive), you will need to resize it. This means you do need sufficient free space, and you must safely back up your data, as hard disk operations can be risky.
The remaining steps in the installation are identical. After the setup completes, and you restart your computer, you will see a text menu on startup, and you can select which operating system to boot into – Ubuntu or Windows 7.
Our installation setup is now complete.
We have completed the most complex and difficult part of the journey. When you need to manage your storage, there is always some risk involved, but since we have safely backed up our data in the first article, the chances of data loss are low. The installation requires knowledge that most computer users won’t readily have, but hopefully, you have now gained the necessary skills and practice to do this with relative ease. The next step is to explore the Ubuntu desktop – and even have some fun. We will do this in the third installment of this series.
Photo by Jonatan Pie on Unsplash.
Three years ago my company got me a Lenovo T550 with Windows 10 Home installed on it (my understanding is that this is called "OEM"). I immediately erased everything to install Ubuntu on it.
Unfortunately from now on I will need to use Windows 10 a few times a week for legacy reasons, but my main work is still on Ubuntu, so I am thinking of running Windows 10 within VirtualBox within Ubuntu.
Lenovo told me that my Windows Home license is somehow linked to my hardware (firmware?) and that Windows will automatically find this out. They pointed me to this page:
The installation of Microsoft Windows Server 2008,2008 R2 SP1, 2012, and 2012 R2 from Lenovo OEM media to such a virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U machine will fail until the virtual BIOS has been updated to include this information. setVMBIOS.exe performs this function for servers using Microsoft Hyper-V technology.
Consult your hypervisor vendor for information on how to perform this function on other hypervisors. [.] The fix resolves this issue by adding Lenovo information to the virtual BIOS.
Note: That page does not mention Windows 10 Home, but I guess the same applies?
How to apply Lenovo's recommendation to VirtualBox? (5.2.18)
Right now I have out-of-the-box VirtualBox and the VM I created yesterday with standard settings does not activate:
Windows is not activated. Windows reported that no product key was found on your device. Error code: 0xC004F213
Mounting a USB device inside a virtual machine is often a tool that you cannot go without. If you are using Virtualbox in Ubuntu however, you need to take a few extra steps to make it work.
The first thing you need to do is install Virtualbox from Oracle’s website. It is different than Virtualbox OSE which is included in the Ubuntu repositories because the Virtualbox from Oracle includes proprietary software which allows you to mount USB devices inside you VM among other things. If you already have Virtualbox OSE installed from the Ubuntu repositories, uninstall it before installing the .deb file from Oracle’s website.
Note: Any VMs you made with Virtualbox OSE will still work with the standard version of Virtualbox. Uninstall Virtualbox OSE before installing virtualbox from Oracle.
Set up Your Virtual Machine
Install your virtual machine and once the installation is complete install the Virtualbox guest additions into the guest OS from the devices menu.
Turn the virtual machine off and go to the settings for the VM. Click on USB on the left and check the top two boxes in the window shown.
Along the right hand side there will be a few icons to set up USB filters. These filters are where you can tell Virtualbox what USB devices you want to have available to your guest OS. Plug in your USB device and click on the second icon to view available USB devices that can be mounted into the guest OS.
Select any devices you would like to mount in the guest OS and then close out of the settings window.
Set Up Your User Account
The next thing you need to do is add your user to the vboxusers group on your system. Navigate to the System -> Administration -> Users and Groups option and click on manage groups on the left side.
Scroll down in the group settings and highlight the vboxusers group and then click properties on the right.
In most cases you probably will only have one user so check the box to include your user in the group; put in your admin password when prompted, and then restart your computer.
Mount Your USB Device
Once your computer restarts, log in and start your virtual machine. In the devices menu of the VM, select the USB device you want to mount.
Your device should show up automatically in the VM and you can use it the same way you would be able to on the host operating system.
First, make sure you indeed have the Windows 10 key that came with your system.
Windows 10 came preinstalled on my computer, how do I find the product key?
Press Windows key + X
Click Command Prompt (admin)
Enter the following command:
wmic path SoftwareLicensingService get OA3xOriginalProductKey
The product key will be revealed, copy the product key then enter it after setting up Windows 10 in VirtualBox on Ubuntu
Click Start > Settings > Update & security > Activation > Change the product key then enter the new product key then click Next to Activate
If you are unable to activate Windows 10 after all the above and you are certain you have the correct edition installed, then please attempt phone activation:
Activate Your Windows 10 License via Microsoft Chat Support
Question why not setup Ubuntu in VirtualBox instead?
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MVP-Windows and Devices for IT
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How to Tell if WinXP Is Activated
The WPA.DBL Activation Method
The Registry Edit Method
The OEM Key Method
When You Can’t Get into Windows XP
I had just installed Windows XP x32 SP3 in a VirtualBox virtual machine (VM), so as to run WinXP on Linux. Now I had to activate it. This turned out to be more complicated than I had expected.
It took me a couple of tries to develop a WinXP VM that worked the way I wanted. The first time, WinXP became activated by magic. Not really, but I was not quite sure what I had done to activate it. It could have been just the official method; it may have been something else. I was not entirely sure. But after that first time, no magic came to my assistance. At some point, the activation window informed me that I had used this key too many times. It seemed that was incorrect, but I didn’t want to argue; I just wanted a solution.
I intended to choose the phone activation alternative. In fact, I used Skype to dial that number. But this was my first time using Skype on Linux, so this was the time to discover that the headset I used for Skype was not avast pro antivirus license file - Free Activators recognized by Linux. That was going to be a whole separate issue to troubleshoot. I could have used another phone to activate, of course, but then I realized that I might find myself having to activate again, one or more times, until I got this WinXP VM configured the way I liked. In addition, I wanted to avoid going online if possible. I was using this WinXP VM to virtualize Windows applications; that called for a system with a bare minimum of processes running; therefore I didn’t have antivirus software installed.
So: was there another way of activating, other than the usual approach of letting the activator go online, or calling a number for Microsoft’s permission to install? A search led, in fact, to several alternate methods. I decided to explore those, and this post was born.
How to Tell if WinXP Is Activated
The first question was whether I even needed to activate. I had noticed that WinXP would put a keyring icon in the system tray (at the iskysoft video converter ultimate download right corner of the screen) and also at various places in the Start Menu, such as at the top of the Start > All Programs list. But it seemed that that icon would disappear, sometimes, after even an unsuccessful activation virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U approach was to go into Start > All Programs > Accessories > System Avast Premium Security Crack 21.3.2459 + License Key 2021 > System Information > System Summary > look for Activation Status. This would supposedly notify the user to activate the system if needed; but someone said this indication might not always be there, even if the system was not yet activated. One time, I noticed that Start > Control Panel > System said that Windows was registered to me, and yet Start > All Programs still included an Activate Windows icon — but when I clicked on it, it said Windows was already activated. (Confusing!)
A different approach called for Start > Run > %systemroot%\system32\oobe\msoobe.exe /a (or simply oobe/msoobe /a). That command would usually trigger the activation window. Choosing “Yes, let’s activate Windows over the Internet now” at that point (if that option was offered) might lead past the activation process, if the machine was already activated. Or at least that was what had seemed to happen to me, the first time, when I say that my system was registered by magic.
The WPA.DBL Activation Method
The alternate activation method I tried first was mentioned by Lifehacker and detailed by Online Tech Tips. The latter explained that I could activate WinXP simply by copying C:\Windows\System32\wpa.dbl from the previous installation of Windows XP on this same computer. They warned that it would not work on a different machine. I had already activated WinXP on a previous VirtualBox VM, identical in all regards except that, this time, I set the virtual hard disk drive (HDD) to be 20GB rather than 10GB. I was not sure whether that difference would make this appear to be a different machine.
In this method, I needed to boot into Safe Mode. Normally, I would do that by hitting F8 as the computer started to boot. But in the case of this VM, the advice was rather to boot into Normal Mode and then go into Start > Run > msconfig > BOOT.INI tab > check /SAFEBOOT > OK > Restart. Once I was in Safe Mode, Online Tech Tips said, I needed to use Windows Explorer to go into C:\Windows\System32 > rename wpa.dbl to be wpa.old > copy in the wpa.dbl from my previous installation. Then I had to go back to the BOOT.INI tab and uncheck /SAFEBOOT > OK > Restart. That put me back virtualbox ubuntu - Crack Key For U Normal Mode. That method did not work. Upon reboot, I got a message:
Windows Product Activation
This copy of Windows must be activated with Microsoft before you can log on. Do you want to activate Windows now?
Normally, I would have 30 days after installing WinXP before activation would be compelled. In this case, it seemed that I had triggered this message by trying to activate in the normal way and getting that message (above) that I had used this product key too many times. When I clicked No at this point, I expected to be locked out of the system. But instead, I was allowed to proceed into WinXP as usual.
I guessed that this method had not worked, for me, because of that change from a 10GB to 20GB system drive in the VM. It was also possible that my previous activation efforts had somehow muddied the waters.
Incidentally, use of msconfig had now resulted in a System Configuration Utility message, each time I rebooted, informing me that I had to go back into msconfig > General tab > select Normal Startup > OK > Restart.
The Registry Edit Method
Next on the list, we had a method explained by WikiHow, which offered these remarks:
You can bypass the activation process by editing the Windows registry and using an OEM key, though this technically violates your license agreement with Microsoft. Only use the following if you are unable to activate and you have a legally-purchased copy of Windows XP.
Although WikiHow described the process differently, I interpreted their advice as encouraging me to begin with this registry edit file:Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\WPAEvents] "OOBETimer"=hex:ff,d5,71,d6,8b,6a,8d,6f,d5,33,93,fd ; Original setting: ; "OOBETimer"=hex:eb,54,8c,c6,0e,45,17,59,55,5b,f4,30
I pasted those lines into Notepad, named the file WinXPActivation.reg, and ran it in WinXP. It indicated that the registry had been modified successfully, and when I ran Start > Run > regedit, I could see those new values at the registry location stated in that file. Now, WikiHow said, at that same registry address, I had to right-click on the WPAEvents folder > Permissions > select SYSTEM > check the Deny Full Control box > OK > Yes > exit regedit. Next, I had to enter this command: %systemroot%\system32\oobe\msoobe.exe /a (or simply oobe/msoobe /a). This was, as above, the command to start the activator. WikiHow said that, if I had followed the foregoing steps correctly, I would now see this message:
Windows Product Activation
Windows is already activated. Click OK to exit.
That is what I saw. So it worked. It had not worked for me on a previous try. Presumably I had messed up some detail in the process on that earlier attempt.
The OEM Key Method
That same WikiHow article said that, if the Registry Key Method did not work for me, I could proceed with another approach that might. This method started where the previous one left off. If the oobe/msoobe /a command didn’t give me “Windows is already activated,” then it would presumably give me the usual activation options: activate over the Internet now, activate by telephone now, or remind me to activate every few days.
The advice here was to choose “Yes, I want to telephone a customer service representative to activate Windows.” Next, apparently there would be an option to Change Product Key. At that point, the user would enter this product key: THMPV 77D6F 94376 8HGKG VRDRQ. A search indicated that a lot of people were familiar with that key as an alternative for activating Windows XP. After entering that key, WikiHow said the user should click the Update button and then select Remind Me Later. Then restart the computer and go to Start > Run > %system. I had no idea how that sequence worked, and I did not test it, but that was the end of the WikiHow advice. (Note: this advice does not appear in the updated version of the WikiHow page, but it does appear in an archived version.)
When You Can’t Get into Windows XP
The other methods discussed in this post required the user to use tools available inside a working WinXP installation. Later, however, I encountered a situation where I was not able to get past the login screen. This happened with Windows XP installed in a VirtualBox virtual machine (VM). The first thing I got, after booting the VM, was this:
Windows Product Activation
This copy of Windows must be activated with Microsoft before you can log on. Do you want to activate Windows now?
I clicked Yes. I got a window titled “Windows Product Activation” and a statement, “Windows is already activated. Click OK to exit.” But when I clicked OK, it logged me off and put me back at the login screen; and if I tried to log in, it presented me with the same question again: “Do you want to activate Windows now?”
A search for solutions to this infinite product activation loop led to recommendations that started with going into Safe Mode. To get into Safe Mode, the advice was familiar: hit F8 as soon as Windows starts to boot. For a VirtualBox VM, that was trickier than on a native Windows installation. First, I had to click on the correct icon — there were two, and at first I chose the wrong one — to tell VirtualBox to stop showing messages about the mouse and keyboard when the VM started. Also, I had to make sure the VM was capturing my keystrokes (i.e., that I was not sending keystrokes into the host machine when I hit the keyboard). It seemed, in addition, that I had to start hitting F8 before the VM booted, and keep hitting it, not holding it down.
It took multiple tries, but eventually I got past those hindrances. At that point, I was looking at the Windows Advanced Options Menu — the one in black and white, offering a dozen options, starting with Safe Mode. I selected Safe Mode and hit Enter. It showed me only one installation: Microsoft Windows XP Professional. I hit Enter. After a few moments of loading files, I was now looking at avast free antivirus virus - Crack Key For U Safe Mode screen.
From that point, the advice offered by WikiHow was, in effect, to go to Start > Run or WinKey-R. Either way, that gave me a Run box. There, I typed rundll32.exe syssetup,SetupOobeBnkand clicked OK. Nothing seemed to happen. I hoped it had done something. I went to Start > Turn Off Computer > Restart. This time, Windows XP started up normally, without an activation barrier. The methods described above confirmed that Windows was now activated, and I had no further problems after rebooting.
I did not explore further, except that I did develop a search to help me find methods other than those described above. It tentatively appeared that there might be a number of alternate activation methods. There may also be something useful for this purpose in my separate post on Windows 7 activation in a virtual machine.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged activate, activation, alternative, approaches, ID, key, methods, product, register, registration, techniques, Windows XP, WinXP. Bookmark the permalink.Источник: https://raywoodcockslatest.wordpress.com/2016/06/12/ways-to-activate-windows-xp/
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