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Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur: the High Holy Days of the Jewish year
This message is one of many related to our diverse community’s numerous unique holidays, including cultural, historic, and religious observances throughout the year. I am likely to write about the holidays or cultural observances that mean the most to you as they occur throughout the year. Please let me know if you want to learn my plans about a holiday that is specifically important to you.
Together, the holidays of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are the High Holy Days of the Jewish year. Both take place in the coming days.
Rosh Hashanah, which means “the head of the year,” is the Jewish New Year. The biblical name for this holiday is Yom Teruah. It is the traditional anniversary of the creation of the world and the creation of Adam and Eve, who are known as the biblical first man and first woman. Rosh Hashanah is also a judgment day, when Jews believe that their God considers people’s deeds from the previous year, decides what the next year will be like for them, and inscribes the results in the Book of Life for the coming year.
When is Rosh Hashanah?
Rosh Hashanah is a two-day celebration that begins on the first day of Tishrei, the seventh month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year. In , the holiday begins at sunset on Friday, September 18, and ends at sunset on Sunday, September While I am not Jewish, I am happy to note that my birthday lands right in the middle of these very important days for my Jewish friends this year.
I wrote in detail about this holiday last year. I encourage you to read it.
Rosh Hashanah marks the beginning of the 10 “Days of Awe,” which conclude with Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the Jewish year. It concludes the 10 Days of Awe. The day is devoted to repentance for sins that were committed during the previous year.
In , Yom Kippur begins on the evening of Sunday, September 27, and ends on the evening of Monday, September
At the conclusion of Yom Kippur, there is a joyous celebration and a breaking of the fast.
Many more details about this holiday are included in my message from last year.
This year, communal observances of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur will be different from other years. The full communal celebrations will be less common and will take place with smaller groups exercising safe practices during the pandemic. For all who celebrate, the rituals of setting aside work, repentance, and purification will bring spiritual and historic meaning as they always do.
To those celebrating Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur:
Shanah Tovah! (“A good year!”)
Yom Tov! (“Have a good holy day!”)
List of observances set by the Hebrew calendar
Rosh Hashanah Jewish holiday what is it, why is it celebrated and how long does it last?
The Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah) is one of Judaism’s holiest periods. Meaning “head of the year”, the celebration begins on the first day of Tishrei, the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar, which normally falls during September or October. Rosh Hashanah commemorates the creation of the world and marks the beginning of the Days of Awe, a day period of introspection and repentance that culminates in the Yom Kippur holiday, also known as the Day of Atonement. Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are the two “High Holy Days” in the Jewish religion.
Rosh Hashanah in
Rosh Hashanah this year began at sundown on 18 September and will finish on nightfall on 20 September. The holiday in will start earlier with sundown on 6 September marking to start of the period with the conclusion coinciding with nightfall on 8 September.
Traditional food associated with Rosh Hashanahfeasts include round challah bread (studded with raisins) and apples dipped in honey, as well as other foods that symbolize good wishes for a sweet year ahead.
Other Rosh Hashanah traditions include the lighting of candles in the evenings, wearing new clothes and desisting from creative work along with visits to the synagogue.
Yom Kippur fast times: What time Jewish holiday starts today and meaning behind fasting
Yom Kippur, one of the most sacred dates in the Jewish religious calendar, is taking place this week and most Jews will be expected to fast.
But why does the fast last 25 hours, and how is it celebrated. Here’s everything you need to know.
What are the hours of fasting?
This year Yom Kippur begins on Wednesday 15 September and ends on Thursday 16 September.
You must start fasting at pm on the 15, and stop at 8pm the following day.
The fast lasts for 25 hours because it must start and end at sundown, the extra hour allows for some subjectivity with when nightfall is.
The is also the case in the Jewish faith for Shabbat, the weekly Sabbath day which lasts from sunset on Friday to Sunset on Saturday.
Yom Kippur falls on the 10th day of the Jewish month of Tishrei (September or October in the Gregorian calendar).
It marks the culmination of the Days of Repentance or Days of Awe, a day period of introspection that follows Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, which celebrates the anniversary of the creation of the world.
Why do Jewish people fast on Yom Kippur?
Yom Kippur means means Day of Atonement and it is a day to reflect on the past year and ask God’s forgiveness for any sins you may have committed.
Fasting is seen as a vehicle for reflecting on your sins and it dates back to Biblical times.
“The purpose of fasting is to bring one to repent, and true repentance brings about a change in actions. However, repenting without fasting is not enough,” Jewish educator Aliza Bulow told mynewextsetup.us
Anyone who must eat due to health reasons will not be required to fast. Children under the age of nine are also exempted.
“The same Torah which commands us to fast on Yom Kippur tells us that guarding our health is far more important than fasting on this holy day,” Jewish website Chabad says.
The origins trace back to the story of Moses, after the people of Israel made their exodus from Egypt.
After Moses climbed Mount Sinai, God gave him two tablets containing the Ten Commandments. The first commandment told people that they should not worship anyone other than God.
However, when he descended from the mountain, Moses caught the Israelites worshipping a golden calf and shattered the holy tablets in anger.
The Israelites atoned for their idolatry and God forgave them on on the 10th day of Tishrei, which then became known as Yom Kippur.
How else is Yom Kippur celebrated?
People generally do not work or go to school on Yom Kippur.
Most of the day is spent a the synagogue, where five prayer services are held (instead of the traditional two). These are known as: Maariv, Shacharit, Musaf, Mincha and Neilah.
Maariv includes the recital of a prayer service called Kol Nidre, which takes place on the eve of the holiday.
Yom Kippur concludes with the Neilah service and the blowing of the shofar, an ancient instrument, which marks the conclusion of the fast.
After the service, people usually break the fast and celebrate with a family meal.
It is customary to wear white, as a symbol of purity during the day.
As a way to atone and seek God’s forgiveness, some Jews make donations or volunteer their time to charity in the days leading up to the holiday.
Rosh Hashanah is a special festival which celebrates Jewish New Year. It literally means 'head of the year'.
The festival lasts for two days and in it starts on Monday 6 September.
This is because the dates of Jewish festivals come from the Hebrew Calendar, so the Jewish New Year begins in autumn, as opposed to on 1 January.
Find out more about what Rosh Hashanah means and how it is traditionally celebrated below.
What does it symbolise?
Rosh Hashanah is a celebration of the creation of the world and marks making a fresh start.
It is a time for people to reflect on the past year and to ask for forgiveness for anything wrong they feel they have done.
They can also think about their priorities in life and what it important to them.
The festival also marks a time of judgment, when Jewish people believe that God balances a person's good acts over the last year with their bad acts, and decides what the coming 12 months will be like for them.
During Rosh Hashanah, people will ask themselves questions like:
• What is the most important thing in my life?
• What are the most meaningful and important things I have achieved in the last year?
• What do I hope to achieve over the coming year?
How is it celebrated?
During Rosh Hashanah, Jewish people will traditionally greet each other with L'shanah tovah, which means "for a good New Year".
Many Jewish families will spend some of Rosh Hashanah at a Synagogue. This is the name given to the building where Jewish people go to worship.
One of the traditions of Rosh Hashanah is to blow a big horn called a Shofar. One hundred notes are blown on the horn to create a special rhythm.
The Shofar is one of the world's oldest known wind instruments.
In this photo, children are seen blowing the Shofar
The sound of the Shofar marks the beginning of the ten-day period called the 'Days of Awe', which lead up to another Jewish festival called Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur is the most solemn day in the Jewish calendar. It means Day of Atonement and people don't eat or drink for 25 hours. It's a day to reflect on the past year and ask God's forgiveness for any sins.
During Rosh Hashanah, food is also really important.
Slices of apple are dipped in honey to symbolise a sweet new year ahead. Honey cake is eaten too.
Slices of apple are dipped in honey as part of the celebrations
The Jewish Sabbath, or holy day, is called Shabbat and it begins at sunset on Friday and lasts until nightfall on Saturday. Shabbat is Hebrew for Sabbath.
Some Jewish people make a sweet carrot stew called tzimmes, and bread called Challah (or Hallah) is baked into a round shape to symbolise the circle of life and the end of the year. This is different to the plaited bread Challah loaf which Jewish people typically eat on the Sabbath.
You might also find a pomegranate on the table because there is a tradition that they contain seeds. These represent one for each of the commandments a Jewish person is supposed to keep.
Rosh Hashana in the United States
When Is Rosh Hashana ?7SepUSATue, 7 Sep Add to calendar
|This year:||Tue, 7 Sep|
|Next year:||Mon, 26 Sep|
|Last year:||Sat, 19 Sep|
List of dates for other years
United States holidays
United States holidays
Rosh Hashana is celebrated as the Jewish New Year among many Jewish communities worldwide. It starts days after the first day of Passover. Rosh Hashana lasts for up to two days in many communities.
Is Rosh Hashana a Public Holiday?
This is not a public holiday in the United States. Most businesses, schools, and offices are open and follow regular hours, but Jewish-run businesses and organizations might be closed.
About Rosh HashanaRead more about Rosh Hashana.
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
While we diligently research and update our holiday dates, some of the information in the table above may be preliminary. If you find an error, please let us know.
Other Names and Languages
|German||Rosch ha-Schana (jdisches Neujahr)|
Other Holidays in September in the United States
- 6 Sep, Labor Day
- 7 Sep, Rosh Hashana
- 9 Sep, California Admission Day
- 10 Sep, Ganesh Chaturthi
- 11 Sep, First Responders Day
- 12 Sep, National Grandparents Day
- 16 Sep, Yom Kippur
- 17 Sep, Constitution Day and Citizenship Day
- 18 Sep, Air Force Birthday
- 21 Sep, First Day of Sukkot
- 22 Sep, Emancipation Day
- 24 Sep, Native American Day
- 26 Sep, Gold Star Mother's Day
- 27 Sep, Last Day of Sukkot
- 28 Sep, Shmini Atzeret
- 29 Sep, Simchat Torah
United Nation Holiday on 7 September
Fun Holiday on 7 September
Enjoy the delicious cured and dried sausage that originated in Italy. Have it in a sandwich, as a snack or with some wine. More
ACROSS AMERICA — For Jews around the world, the two-day holiday known as Rosh Hashanah begins Friday night at sundown and concludes at sundown Sunday.
Considered the beginning of the Jewish New Year and one of the most important holidays on the Jewish calendar, Rosh Hashanah is packed with special foods, traditions and mitzvahs, or commandments. One of the most important things to do on Rosh Hashanah is to hear the blowing of the shofar, or the ram's horn.
Here are five things to know about the holiday. Shanah Tovah!
Find out what's happening in Across America with free, real-time updates from Patch.
1) What is Rosh Hashanah?
The words actually mean "head of the year" and are used to mark the beginning of the Jewish New Year. Rosh Hashanah is a two-day period that culminates with Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, and the holiest day on the Jewish calendar.
Find out what's happening in Across America with free, real-time updates from Patch.
The two-day period is also referred to as "The Days of Awe" and focuses on repentance and atonement.
In Judaism, Rosh Hashanah is considered the sixth day of "Creation," the day that Adam and Eve were made. Because of their creation, it's also considered the day the universe's potential was first recognized; therefore, it's also considered the birthday of the universe.
2) How is Rosh Hashanah celebrated?
Several ways. Most notably, Jews will spend a lot of time in a synagogue or temple praying, listening to the blowing of the shofar, and reflecting on the year gone by. Also, there is a traditional trip to a body of water where bread is thrown, symbolizing the casting of sins into the depths of the sea, as referenced in the Bible.
Other Rosh Hashanah observances include candle lighting in the evenings and desisting from creative work.
3) What's a shofar, and why is a ram's horn so important?
A shofar is a trumpet made from the horn of a kosher animal with the marrow removed. The central mitzvah or commandment of Rosh Hashanah is to hear the shofar being blown, often in a synagogue, and ideally as part of the prayer service.
mynewextsetup.us says the Torah refers to Rosh Hashanah as the "day of the shofar blast." Since Rosh Hashanah is two days long, the shofar is blown during the daytime hours of both days, unless the first day falls on Shabbat, in which case the shofar is blown only on the second day.
The Torah doesn't specify why the blowing of the shofar is important on Rosh Hashanah; however, here are 10 reasons for this special mitzvah.
4) Are there special foods served during Rosh Hashanah?
Rosh Hashanah feasts traditionally include round challah bread (studded with raisins) and apples dipped in honey, pomegranate, and other foods that symbolize wishes for a sweet year. Some feasts serve parts of the head of a fish or a ram, expressing the wish that "we be a head and not a tail."
It's traditional to stay away from nuts as well as vinegar-based and sharp foods in order to avoid "a bitter year."
5) Your local service may look different this year due to coronavirus.
Due to the coronavirus pandemic, many are preparing to celebrate Rosh Hashanah at home, socially distanced from extended family and friends. mynewextsetup.us has some tips for those planning to spend Rosh Hashanah at home.
Hoping to attend a Rosh Hashanah service this year? Find a service near you.
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